Volume 13 - Article 17 | Pages 415-454

Trends in gender differences in accidents mortality: Relationships to changing gender roles and other societal trends

By Ingrid Waldron, Christopher McCloskey, Inga Earle

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Date received:29 Sep 2004
Date published:17 Nov 2005
Word count:7785
Keywords:accidents, convergence, diffusion of innovations, Europe, gender, gender differences, Japan, mortality, sex differences, unintentional injuries, United States
DOI:10.4054/DemRes.2005.13.17
 

Abstract

This study tests five hypotheses concerning trends in gender differences in accidents mortality and accident-related behavior, using data for the US, UK, France, Italy, and Japan, 1950-98.
As predicted by the Convergence Hypothesis, gender differences have decreased for amount of driving, motor vehicle accidents mortality, and occupational accidents mortality. However, for many types of accidents mortality, gender differences were stable or increased; these trends often resulted from the differential impact on male and female mortality of general societal trends such as increased illicit drug use or improved health care. Similarly, trends in gender differences in accident-related behavior have shown substantial variation and appear to have been influenced by multiple factors, including gender differences in rates of adoption of different types of innovations.

Author's Affiliation

Ingrid Waldron - University of Pennsylvania, United States of America [Email]
Christopher McCloskey - University of Pennsylvania, United States of America [Email]
Inga Earle - University of Pennsylvania, United States of America [Email]

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