Volume 17 - Article 5 | Pages 109-134

Characteristics of urban regions and all-cause mortality in working-age population: Effects of social environment and interactions with individual unemployment

By Jenni Blomgren, Tapani Valkonen

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Date received:08 Nov 2006
Date published:24 Aug 2007
Word count:5479
Keywords:all-cause mortality, area effects, cross-level interactions, multilevel analysis, unemployment


Using Finnish register data on individuals linked to information on urban regions, this study aimed to estimate the effects of some regional characteristics on all-cause mortality among working-age population in 1995-2001, and to find out whether these effects are different among those long-term unemployed than among others. Multilevel Poisson regression models were used. The characteristics of regions included unemployment rate, level of urbanisation, voting turnout, a summary measure of family cohesion, and the geographic location of the region. Our study showed that effects of most area characteristics on mortality were clear among those who suffered from long-term unemployment in the baseline but not among others, adjusting for basic socio-demographic characteristics of the individuals. The results thus suggest that the weaker in the society are more vulnerable to the effects of social
environment than those better off.

Author's Affiliation

Jenni Blomgren - Terveyden ja hyvinvoinnin laitos (National Institute for Health and Welfare), Finland [Email]
Tapani Valkonen - Helsingin Yliopisto (University of Helsinki), Finland [Email]

Other articles by the same author/authors in Demographic Research

» The effects of socioeconomic and cultural characteristics of regions on the spatial patterns of the Second Demographic Transition in Finland
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» Educational differentials in male mortality in Russia and northern Europe: A comparison of an epidemiological cohort from Moscow and St. Petersburg with the male populations of Helsinki and Oslo
Volume 10 - Article 1

» Monitoring of trends in socioeconomic inequalities in mortality: Experiences from a European project
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» Increasing excess mortality among non-married elderly people in developed countries
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