Acknowledgements References

1. See [Table 1] for sample sizes, survey year, and a list of countries included in the analysis. In the following, eastern and western Germany will be treated separately. The division of the eastern and western part of Germany in [Figure 1] only refers to the difference in gender preferences. The national boundaries of Germany of course encompass both parts.

2. We do not only consider the biological children of the respondent, but also adopted children, stepchildren, and foster-children. We assume these children to enter the couple’s utility function just as biological children do. A couple may even decide to adopt a child of a certain sex, if its own (biological) attempts to reach the preferred sex composition failed. The analyses are therefore based on the concept of ‘social’ parenthood that includes biological as well as adopted children.

3. Most recently, for example, Hoem et al. [14] controlled for the influence of the sex-combination of the first two children when analyzing third births in Austria.

4. Analyzing the transition from the first to the second child with data from the German Socio-Economic Panel, Brockmann [4] finds that West German women never developed a clear gender preference, while women born in East Germany show a significant girl preference.

Acknowledgements References

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Gender Preferences for Children in Europe: Empirical Results from 17 FFS Countries
Karsten Hank and Hans-Peter Kohler
© 2000 Max-Planck-Gesellschaft ISSN 1435-9871