Table2 Table4

Table 3

Table 3:
Percentage Distribution of Living Arrangements of Elderly in China (All 30 provinces), 1990, Comparison between Rural and Urban Areas
 

  Alone Spouse Living with spouse and child/grandchild or others No spouse, living with child/grandchild or others Institution Total
      Child Grandchild child & grandchild others only subtotal   Child grandchild child & grandchild others only Subtotal   % #
Ages 65-79
Males Rural 8.3 20.8 16.6 1.2 24.9 0.2 42.9 4.2 0.4 22.4 0.2 27.2 0.8 100 205269
  Urban 7.1 23.9 15.8 3.6 26.1 0.5 46.0 3.7 0.9 15.8 0.4 20.8 2.1 100 69595
  Total 8.0 21.6 16.4 1.8 25.2 0.3 43.7 4.1 0.5 20.7 0.3 25.6 1.1 100 274864
Females Rural 9.9 15.1 5.4 0.8 16.2 0.1 22.6 7.8 0.6 43.9 0.1 52.3 0.2 100 237923
  Urban 11.4 15.5 5.1 2.5 15.0 0.3 22.8 6.6 2.5 40.1 0.4 49.7 0.7 100 75686
  Total 10.2 15.2 5.3 1.2 15.9 0.2 22.6 7.5 1.0 42.9 0.1 51.6 0.3 100 313609
Ages 80-89
Males Rural 13.8 15.3 4.0 0.5 15.7 0.1 20.3 5.8 0.6 43.1 0.2 49.7 0.9 100 20227
  Urban 11.4 18.0 4.4 2.9 16.7 0.3 24.3 6.2 2.0 35.4 0.6 44.2 2.0 100 6966
  Total 13.2 16.0 4.1 1.1 16.0 0.2 21.3 5.9 1.0 41.1 0.3 48.3 1.2 100 27193
Females Rural 15.5 4.1 0.7 0.1 3.5 0.0 4.4 11.1 0.6 63.8 0.1 75.6 0.4 100 36334
  Urban 14.2 3.8 0.6 0.6 3.0 0.0 4.2 11.6 3.4 61.1 0.5 76.6 1.3 100 12543
  Total 15.2 4.0 0.7 0.2 3.4 0.0 4.3 11.3 1.3 63.1 0.2 75.8 0.7 100 48877
Ages 90+
Males Rural 13.5 8.6 4.4 0.9 9.8 0.0 15.1 8.6 1.2 51.4 0.1 61.3 1.5 100 777
  Urban 12.3 6.7 2.5 1.7 10.1 0.0 14.3 10.4 2.5 50.7 0.3 63.9 2.8 100 357
  Total 13.1 8.0 3.8 1.1 9.9 0.0 14.8 9.2 1.6 51.1 0.2 62.1 1.9 100 1134
Females Rural 18.2 0.4 0.2 0.0 0.7 0.0 0.8 16.1 0.5 63.4 0.1 80.1 0.5 100 2261
  Urban 10.8 0.8 0.0 0.0 0.9 0.0 0.9 20.0 3.3 61.6 0.3 85.2 2.4 100 1011
  Total 15.9 0.5 0.1 0.0 0.7 0.0 0.9 17.3 1.3 62.8 0.2 81.7 1.1 100 3272
Ages 80+
Males Rural 13.8 15.0 4.0 0.5 15.5 0.1 20.1 5.9 0.6 43.4 0.2 50.1 0.9 100 21004
  Urban 11.5 17.5 4.3 2.8 16.4 0.3 23.8 6.4 2.0 36.1 0.6 45.2 2.0 100 7323
  Total 13.2 15.7 4.1 1.1 15.7 0.1 21.1 6.0 1.0 41.5 0.3 48.9 1.2 100 28327
Females Rural 15.7 3.9 0.7 0.1 3.4 0.0 4.2 11.4 0.6 63.8 0.1 75.8 0.5 100 38595
  Urban 13.9 3.6 0.6 0.5 2.8 0.0 3.9 12.2 3.4 61.2 0.5 77.2 1.4 100 13554
  Total 15.2 3.8 0.6 0.2 3.2 0.0 4.1 11.6 1.3 63.1 0.2 76.2 0.7 100 52149
Ages 65+
Males Rural 8.9 20.3 15.4 1.1 24.1 0.2 40.8 4.4 0.4 24.3 0.2 29.4 0.8 100 226273
  Urban 7.5 23.3 14.7 3.6 25.2 0.5 43.9 4.0 1.0 17.8 0.4 23.2 2.1 100 76918
  Total 8.5 21.0 15.2 1.7 24.3 0.3 41.6 4.3 0.6 22.7 0.3 27.8 1.1 100 303191
Females Rural 10.7 13.5 4.8 0.7 14.4 0.1 20.0 8.3 0.6 46.6 0.1 55.6 0.2 100 276518
  Urban 11.8 13.7 4.4 2.2 13.1 0.3 20.0 7.5 2.7 43.3 0.4 53.8 0.8 100 89240
  Total 10.9 13.5 4.7 1.1 14.1 0.1 20.0 8.1 1.1 45.8 0.2 55.1 0.4 100 365758

 

 

Table2 Table4

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Family Dynamics of 63 Million (in 1990) to more than 330 Million (in 2050) Elders in China
Zeng Yi, Linda George
© 2000 Max-Planck-Gesellschaft ISSN 1435-9871
http://www.demographic-research.org/Volumes/Vol2/5