Figure 4a:
Average Annual Rate of Mortality Decline by Age Groups East Germany  Females


Figure 4b:
Average Annual Rate of Mortality Decline by Age Groups West Germany  Females


Note: 
The average annual rate of mortality decline was calculated as ln(Q_{2}/Q_{1})/(t_{2}t_{1}) where Q_{1} and Q_{2} are the agespecific probabilities of dying for the first and last year of a period, and t_{1} and t_{2} are the first and last year of that period. 
Source: 
Authors' calculations based on data from Statistisches Bundesamt, 19801998. 
