Volume 3 - Article 3

A search for aggregate-level effects of education on fertility, using data from Zimbabwe

By Øystein Kravdal

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Date received:10 May 2000
Date published:04 Aug 2000
Word count:8718
Keywords:aggregate, education, fertility, models, multilevel
DOI:10.4054/DemRes.2000.3.3
 

Abstract

The analysis was based on the 1994 ZDHS combined with aggregate data from the 1992 census. Discrete-time hazard models for first and higher-order births were estimated for 1990-94. The average length of education in the district and the proportion who are literate were found to have no impact on a woman’s birth rate above and beyond that of her own education, when it was controlled for urbanization. This was the case for women who themselves had little or no education as well as for the better-educated.
So far, no significant influence of aggregate education on fertility has been well documented in the literature either. However, in this study, aggregate-level effects appeared in models for fertility desires and contraceptive use among married women with at least one child.

Author's Affiliation

Øystein Kravdal - University of Oslo, Norway [Email]

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