Tables Table2

Table 1

Table 1:
Estimates (log odds) from discrete-time hazard models for first and higher-order births in Zimbabwe 1990-941.
 
 
  Model 1 Model 2 Model 3 Model 4 Model 5 Model 6
 
FIRST BIRTHS
 
WOMAN'S EDUCATION  
  none or < 3 years of primary2  0  0  0  0  0  0
  3-6 years of primary  0.22  0.20  0.23  0.19  0.22  0.21
  complete primary (7 years)
or < 2 years of secondary
-0.17 -0.13 -0.11 -0.14 -0.11 -0.13
  2-3 years of secondary -0.47*** -0.41*** -0.40** -0.43** -0.39** -0.41**
  4 or more years of secondary -0.87*** -0.74*** -0.76*** -0.76*** -0.78*** -0.75***
 
WOMAN'S RELIGION  
  Christian vs. other2   -0.05   -0.05 -0.06  
 
URBAN VS. RURAL2 CHARACTER OF THE ENUMERATION AREA SHE CURRENTLY LIVES IN   -0.25***   -0.33**    
 
GROWN UP IN CITY OR TOWN VS. COUNTRYSIDE 2          0.08  
 
PROPORTION URBAN RESIDENTS IN THE DISTRICT SHE CURRENTLY LIVES IN           -0.19
 
EDUCATION OF WOMEN IN THE DISTRICT SHE CURRENTLY LIVES IN  
  Average length     -0.065**  0.030 -0.067** -0.009
or alternatively:3  
  Proportion with less than 3 years (illiterate)     -0.61 -0.57    
or alternatively:3  
  Average length among those with 3 or more years of schooling     -0.110***  0.017    
 
HIGHER-ORDER BIRTHS
 
WOMAN'S EDUCATION  
  none or < 3 years of primary2  0  0  0  0  0  0
  3-6 years of primary -0.04 -0.00  0.01  0.00  0.02  0.00
  complete primary (7 years)
or < 2 years of secondary
-0.19** -0.10 -0.10 -0.09 -0.06 -0.09
  2-3 years of secondary -0.36*** -0.18** -0.21** -0.17** -0.15* -0.18**
  4 or more years of secondary -0.55*** -0.31*** -0.37*** -0.31*** -0.28*** -0.32***
   
WOMAN'S RELIGION  
  Christian vs other2   -0.14***   -0.14*** -0.13*** -0.14***
 
URBAN VS. RURAL2 CHARACTER OF THE ENUMERATION AREA SHE CURRENTLY LIVES IN   -0.29***   -0.27**    
 
GROWN UP IN CITY OR TOWN VS. COUNTRYSIDE 2         -0.13**  
 
PROPORTION URBAN RESIDENTS IN THE DISTRICT SHE CURRENTLY LIVES IN           -0.23**
 
EDUCATION OF WOMEN IN THE DISTRICT SHE CURRENTLY LIVES IN  
  Average length     -0.087*** -0.008 -0.074*** -0.019
or alternatively:3  
  Proportion with less than 3 years (illiterate)      0.95***  0.04    
or alternatively:3  
  Average length among those with 3 or more years of schooling     -0.150*** -0.038    
 
1 Also age (7 categories) was included in the first-birth models, and age (7 categories), parity (6 categories) and duration since previous birth (6 categories) were included in the higher-order birth models. There were 937 first births in 34478 3-month intervals and 2677 higher-order births in 68858 3-month intervals.
2 Arbitrarily chosen reference category.
3 With this alternative specification, effects of the other variables were the same.
* significant at the 0.10 level
** significant at the 0.05 level
*** significant at the 0.01 level

 

 

Tables Table2

A Search for Aggregate-Level Effects of Education on Fertility, Using Data from Zimbabwe
Øystein Kravdal
© 2000 Max-Planck-Gesellschaft ISSN 1435-9871
http://www.demographic-research.org/Volumes/Vol3/3