Table3 Table5

Table 4

Table 4:
Estimates (log odds) from various logistic models for married Zimbabwean women with at least one child.
 
 
    Fertility desire3 Post-partum susceptibility4 Not use of modern
contraception, even
though she does not
want a child and
is susceptible5
Not use of modern
contracepetion
(unconditional)6
 
PANEL 1 :
Models also including age, parity, duration since previous birth, religion and whether the current place of residence is urban or rural.
 
WOMAN'S EDUCATION
  none or < 3 years of primary1  0  0  0  0
  3-6 years of primary -0.17  0.31  0.27 -0.18
  complete primary (7 years)
or < 2 years of of secondary
-0.07 -0.05 -0.16 -0.31***
  2-3 years of secondary -0.74***  0.04 -0.64** -0.85***
  4 or more years of secondary -1.04*** -0.24 -0.94*** -1.34***
 
EDUCATION OF WOMEN IN THE DISTRICT
  Average length -0.26***  0.03 -0.14 -0.17***
or alternatively:2
  Proportion with less than 3 years (illiterate)  2.95** -0.91  0.34  1.05*
or alternatively:2
  Average length among those
with 3 or more years of schooling
-0.39*** -0.03 -0.45*** -0.45***
 
 
PANEL 2 :
Models also including age, parity, duration since previous birth, individual educational level, religion and whether the current place of residence is urban or rural (the latter as a main effect and in interaction with length of individual education).
 
MAIN AND INTERACTION TERMS INVOLVING
AVERAGE LENGTH OF EDUCATION
  Average length -0.35***  0.15 -0.06 -0.28***
  Average length *
(length of individual education-1)/113
 0.21 -0.30 -0.20  0.28
 

1 Arbitrarily chosen reference category
2 With this alternative specification, effects of the other variables were the same.
3 Model for the probability of wanting another child within 2 years, among non-pregnant women. 625 women among the 3142 the model was estimated for wanted this.
4 Model for the probability that a non-pregnant woman with a child less than 2 years old was sexually active the month before interview and not amenorrhoeic at interview. 457 among the 1314 the model was estimated for were susceptible.
5 Model for the probability that a non-preganant woman who does not want a child within 2 years and is sexually active, not amenorrhoeic, and not infecund does not use modern contraception . 329 women among the 1185 the model was estimated for did not use contraception.
6 Model for the probability that a non-pregnant woman does not use modern contraception. 1616 women among the 3142 the model was estimated for did not use contraception.
* significant at the 0.10 level
** significant at the 0.05 level
*** significant at the 0.01 level

 

Table3 Table5

A Search for Aggregate-Level Effects of Education on Fertility, Using Data from Zimbabwe
Øystein Kravdal
© 2000 Max-Planck-Gesellschaft ISSN 1435-9871
http://www.demographic-research.org/Volumes/Vol3/3