Special Collection 2 - Article 9 | Pages 229-254

Monitoring of trends in socioeconomic inequalities in mortality: Experiences from a European project

By Anton E. Kunst, Vivian Bos, Otto Andersen, Mario Cardano, Giuseppe Costa, Seeromanie Harding, Örjan Hemström, Richard Layte, Enrique Regidor, Alison Reid, Paula Santana, Tapani Valkonen, Johan P. Mackenbach

Print this page  Send this article to a friend  Twitter

 

 
Date received:17 Feb 2003
Date published:16 Apr 2004
Word count:6530
Keywords:Europe, methodology, mortality, socio-economic factors, trends
DOI:10.4054/DemRes.2004.S2.9
 

Abstract

This paper presents estimates of changes in socioeconomic inequalities in mortality between the 1980s and the 1990s in nine European countries. The best available evidence shows that relative inequalities in mortality generally widened, while the absolute gap remains about the same. However, the pace of change varied greatly, both between countries and within countries (by age and sex).
Additional analyses of specific countries illustrated that data problems can often impede an accurate and detailed assessment of change in inequalities in mortality. These illustrations stressed the importance of evaluating methodological problems, and they point to the urgent need for further development of data sources.

Author's Affiliation

Anton E. Kunst - Erasmus Medical Center, Rotterdam, Netherlands [Email]
Vivian Bos - Erasmus Medical Center, Rotterdam, Netherlands [Email]
Otto Andersen - Statistics Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark [Email]
Mario Cardano - Turin University, Italy [Email]
Giuseppe Costa - Turin University, Italy [Email]
Seeromanie Harding - Medical Research Council, Glasgow, United Kingdom [Email]
Örjan Hemström - Stockholm University, Sweden [Email]
Richard Layte - Economic and Social Research Council, Dublin, Ireland [Email]
Enrique Regidor - Ministry of Health, Madrid, Spain [Email]
Alison Reid - University of Western Australia, Crawley, Australia [Email]
Paula Santana - University of Coimbra, Portugal [Email]
Tapani Valkonen - University of Helsinki, Finland [Email]
Johan P. Mackenbach - Erasmus Medical Center, Rotterdam, Netherlands [Email]

Other articles by the same author/authors in Demographic Research

» The effects of socioeconomic and cultural characteristics of regions on the spatial patterns of the Second Demographic Transition in Finland
Volume 19 - Article 61

» Characteristics of urban regions and all-cause mortality in working-age population: Effects of social environment and interactions with individual unemployment
Volume 17 - Article 5

» Educational differentials in male mortality in Russia and northern Europe: A comparison of an epidemiological cohort from Moscow and St. Petersburg with the male populations of Helsinki and Oslo
Volume 10 - Article 1

» Increasing excess mortality among non-married elderly people in developed countries
Special Collection 2 - Article 12

Most recent similar articles in Demographic Research

» Trends in educational mortality differentials in Austria between 1981/82 and 2001/2002: A study based on a linkage of census data and death certificates
Volume 19 - Article 51    | Keywords: mortality, trends

» Trends in living arrangements in Europe: Convergence or divergence?
Volume 19 - Article 36    | Keywords: Europe, trends

» Anthropological demography in Europe: Methodological lessons from a comparative ethnographic study in Athens and London
Volume 17 - Article 1    | Keywords: Europe, methodology

» Trends in gender differences in accidents mortality: Relationships to changing gender roles and other societal trends
Volume 13 - Article 17    | Keywords: Europe, mortality

» The Netherlands:Paradigm or Exception in Western Europe’s Demography?
Volume 7 - Article 12    | Keywords: Europe, mortality