Volume 13 - Article 19 | Pages 485-520
Cause-specific contributions to sex differences in adult mortality among whites and African Americans between 1960 and 1995
|Date received:||06 Dec 2004|
|Date published:||17 Nov 2005|
|Keywords:||cause of death, mortality, USA|
The purpose of this paper is to describe trends in sex differences in mortality in young adulthood and in middle age among African Americans and whites in the United States between 1960 and 1995. We examine trends in all-cause mortality and estimate the contribution of leading causes of death to the change in the sex difference in mortality over time.
Between 1960 and 1995 the sex difference in mortality increased for African Americans and whites at ages 15-39 and declined for whites but increased for African Americans at ages 40-64. Our results reveal considerable variation in the sex difference in mortality by cause of death as well as in the contribution various causes of death make to the change in the sex mortality difference over time.
Irma T. Elo - University of Pennsylvania, United States of America
Greg L. Drevenstedt - University of Pennsylvania, United States of America
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