Volume 13 - Article 2 | Pages 35–62

Do socioeconomic mortality differences decrease with rising age?

By Rasmus Hoffmann

Print this page  Facebook  Twitter

 

 
Date received:17 Aug 2004
Date published:09 Aug 2005
Word count:7319
Keywords:health, Health and Retirement Study (HRS), mortality, old age, socioeconomic differentials, socioeconomic status, United States
DOI:10.4054/DemRes.2005.13.2
 

Abstract

The impact of SES on mortality is an established finding in mortality research. I examine, whether this impact decreases with age. Most research finds evidence for this decrease but it is unknown whether the decline is due to mortality selection. My data come from the US-HRS Study and includes 9376 persons aged 59+, which are followed over 8 years. The variables allow a time varying measurement of SES, health and behavior. Event-history-analysis is applied to analyze mortality differentials.
My results show that socioeconomic mortality differences are stable across ages whereas they decline clearly with decreasing health. The first finding that health rather than age is the equalizer combined with the second finding of unequally distributed health leads to the conclusion that in old age, the impact of SES is transferred to health and is stable across ages.

Author's Affiliation

Rasmus Hoffmann - Erasmus University Medical Center, Netherlands [Email]

Other articles by the same author/authors in Demographic Research

» A systematic literature review of studies analyzing the effect of sex, age, education, marital status, obesity, and smoking on health transitions
Volume 20 - Article 5

Most recent similar articles in Demographic Research

» Lifetime income and old age mortality risk in Italy over two decades
Volume 29 - Article 45    | Keywords: mortality, old age, socioeconomic status

» Socioeconomic and cultural differentials in mortality in a late 19th century urban setting: A linked records study from Tartu, Estonia, 1897-1900
Volume 36 - Article 1    | Keywords: mortality, socioeconomic status

» Why the racial gap in life expectancy is declining in the United States
Volume 31 - Article 32    | Keywords: mortality, United States

» An examination of black/white differences in the rate of age-related mortality increase
Volume 29 - Article 17    | Keywords: mortality, United States

» Distortion of regional old-age mortality due to late-life migration in the Netherlands?
Volume 29 - Article 5    | Keywords: mortality, old age

Articles

»Volume 13

 

Citations

 

Similar Articles

 

 

Jump to Article

Volume Page
Volume Article ID