Volume 19 - Article 20 | Pages 705-742

Lithuania: Fertility decline and its determinants

By Vladislava Stankuniene, Aiva Jasilioniene

Print this page  Send this article to a friend  Twitter

 

 
Date received:14 Sep 2006
Date published:01 Jul 2008
Word count:10146
Keywords:childbearing, Europe, fertility, fertility decline, Lithuania
DOI:10.4054/DemRes.2008.19.20
Weblink:You will find all publications in this Special Collection “Childbearing Trends and Policies in Europe” at http://www.demographic-research.org/special/7/
 

Abstract

Since the beginning of the 1990s, Lithuania has been undergoing significant transformations in family life and has experienced a precipitous decline in fertility. The determinants of the changes are diverse in character and are associated with socioeconomic transformations, economic difficulties faced by the post-Soviet society, inadequate social and family policies and changing value orientations and life styles. This article traces the fertility trends in Lithuania from the period and cohort perspective, providing adjusted TFR estimates that reveal the significance of the tempo effect on the recent decline in fertility. Furthermore, the main factors leading to the recently observed changes in family and fertility are identified and analysed. Finally, the characteristic features and necessary improvements of current Lithuanian family policy and its possible effects on individual behaviour and fertility trends are discussed.

Author's Affiliation

Vladislava Stankuniene - Lithuanian Social Research Centre, Lithuania [Email]
Aiva Jasilioniene - Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Germany [Email]

Other articles by the same author/authors in Demographic Research

» Fertility Reactions to the "Great Recession" in Europe: Recent Evidence from Order-Specific Data
Volume 29 - Article 4

» Levels of recent union formation : Six European countries compared
Volume 22 - Article 9

» Union formation and fertility in Bulgaria and Russia: A life table description of recent trends
Volume 19 - Article 62

Most recent similar articles in Demographic Research

» Poland: Fertility decline as a response to profound societal and labour market changes?
Volume 19 - Article 22    | Keywords: childbearing, Europe, fertility, fertility decline

» Understanding low fertility in Poland: Demographic consequences of gendered discrimination in employment and post-socialist neoliberal restructuring
Volume 21 - Article 20    | Keywords: childbearing, Europe, fertility

» Sweden: Combining childbearing and gender equality
Volume 19 - Article 28    | Keywords: childbearing, Europe, fertility

» Spain: Short on children and short on family policies
Volume 19 - Article 27    | Keywords: childbearing, Europe, fertility

» Slovenia: Generous family policy without evidence of any fertility impact
Volume 19 - Article 26    | Keywords: childbearing, Europe, fertility