Volume 19 - Article 28 | Pages 1105-1144

Sweden: Combining childbearing and gender equality

By Livia Sz. Oláh, Eva Bernhardt

Print this page  

 

References

Andersson, G. (1998). Trends in marriage formation in Sweden 1971-1993. European Journal of Population 14(2): 157-178.

Weblink doi:10.1023/A:1006003520829
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Andersson, G. (1999). Childbearing trends in Sweden 1961-1997. European Journal of Population 15(1): 1-24.

Weblink doi:10.1023/A:1006145610780
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Andersson, G. (2000). The impact of labour-force participation on childbearing behaviour: Pro-cyclical fertility in Sweden during the 1980s and the 1990s. European Journal of Population 16(4): 293-333.

Weblink doi:10.1023/A:1006454909642
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Andersson, G. (2004a). Demographic trends in Sweden: An update of childbearing and nuptiality up to 2002. Demographic Research 11(4): 95-110.

Weblink http://www.demographic-research.org/Volumes/Vol11/4/
doi:10.4054/DemRes.2004.11.4
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Andersson, G. (2004b). Childbearing after migration: Fertility patterns of foreign-born women in Sweden. International Migration Review 38(2): 747-775.

Weblink doi:10.1111/j.1747-7379.2004.tb00216.x
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Andersson, G., Duvander, A.-Z., and Hank, K. (2004). Do child-care characteristics influence continued child bearing in Sweden? An investigation of the quantity, quality, and price dimension. Journal of European Social Policy 14(4): 407-418.

Weblink doi:10.1177/0958928704046881
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Andersson, G., Duvander, A.-Z., and Hoem, J.M. (2006). Social differentials in speed-premium effects in childbearing in Sweden. Demographic Research 14(4): 51-70.

Weblink http://www.demographic-research.org/Volumes/Vol14/4/
doi:10.4054/DemRes.2006.14.4
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Andersson, G. and Scott, K. (2005). Labour-market status and first-time parenthood: The experience of immigrant women in Sweden, 1981-97. Population Studies 59(1): 21-38.

Weblink doi:10.1080/0032472052000332683
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Bergqvist, C. and Nyberg, A. (2002). Welfare state restructuring and child care in Sweden. In: Michel, S. and Mahon, R. (eds.). Child Care Policy at the Crossroads: Gender and Welfare State Restructuring. New York and London: Routledge: 287-307.

Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Berinde, D. (1999). Pathways to a third child in Sweden. European Journal of Population 15(4): 349-378.

Weblink doi:10.1023/A:1006287630064
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Bernhardt, E. (1992). Working parents in Sweden: An example for Europe? In: Bernhardt, E. (ed.). Human Resources in Europe at the Dawn of the 21st Century. Luxembourg: Eurostat: 235-254.

Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Bernhardt, E. (2002). Cohabitation and marriage among young adults in Sweden: Attitudes, expectations and plans. Scandinavian Population Studies 13: 157-170.

Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Bernhardt, E. (2005). Politiche familiari e pari opportunità in Svezia [Family policies and equal opportunities in Sweden]. La Rivista delle Politiche Sociali [Italian Journal of Social Policy] 4: 239-256.

Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Bernhardt, E., Gähler, M., and Goldscheider, F. (2005a). Childhood family structure and routes out of the parental home in Sweden. Acta Sociologica 48(2): 99-115.

Weblink doi:10.1177/0001699305053766
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Bernhardt, E., Goldscheider, C., Goldscheider, F., and Bjerén, G. (2007). Immigration, Gender and Family Transitions to Adulthood in Sweden. Lanham, Md: University Press of America.

Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Bernhardt, E. and Goldscheider, F. (2002). Children and union formation in Sweden. European Sociological Review 18(3): 289-299.

Weblink doi:10.1093/esr/18.3.289
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Bernhardt, E. and Goldscheider, F. (2006). Gender equality, parenthood attitudes, and first births in Sweden. In: Vienna Yearbook of Population Research 2006. Vienna: Austrian Academy of Sciences: 19-39.

Weblink http://www.oeaw.ac.at/vid/publications/p_year ...
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Bernhardt, E. and Goldscheider, F. (2007). Gender and work-family balance. In: Bernhardt, E., Goldscheider, C., Goldscheider, F., and Bjerén, G. (eds.). Immigration, Gender and Family Transitions to Adulthood in Sweden. Lanham, Md.: University Press of America: 95-114.

Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Bernhardt, E., Goldscheider, F., Goldscheider, C., and Bjerén, G. (2005b). Entering Adulthood in Sweden: Gender, Family, and Immigrant Origins. Stockholm: Center for Gender Studies, Stockholm University.

Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Billari, F. and Borgoni, R. (2005). Assessing the use of sample selection models in the estimation of fertility postponement effects. Statistical Methods and Applications 14(3): 389-402.

Weblink doi:10.1007/s10260-005-0122-x
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Björnberg, U. (2002). Ideology and choice between work and care: Swedish family policy for working parents. Critical Social Policy 22(1): 33-52.

Weblink doi:10.1177/02610183020220010401
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Bracher, M. and Santow, G. (1998). Economic independence and union formation in Sweden. Population Studies 52(3): 275-294.

Weblink doi:10.1080/0032472031000150466
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Bygren, M., Duvander, A.-Z., and Hultin, M. (2005). Elements of uncertainty in life courses: Transitions to adulthood in Sweden. In: Blossfeld, H.-P., Klijzing, E., Mills, M., and Kurz, K. (eds.). Globalization, Uncertainty and Youth in Society. London: Routledge: 135-158.

Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Cassel, P.-G. (2002). Changing seasonality of births in Sweden 1900-1999. Scandinavian Population Studies 13: 97-109.

Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Cassel, P.-G. (2005). Conceptions and abortions as indicators of reproductive change. Paper presented at the Nordic Demographic Symposium, Aalborg, Denmark.

Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Council of Europe (2005). Recent Demographic Developments in Europe 2004. Strasbourg: Council of Europe Publishing.

Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Darroch, J.E., Frost, J.J., and Singh, S. (2001). Teenage sexual and reproductive behavior in developed countries: Can more progress be made? New York: The Alan Guttmacher Institute (Occasional Report No. 3).

Weblink http://www.guttmacher.org/ (January 8, 2007)
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Duvander, A.-Z. and Andersson, G. (2006). Gender equality and fertility in Sweden: A study on the impact of the father’s uptake of parental leave on continued childbearing. Marriage and Family Review 39(1/2): 121-142.

Weblink doi:10.1300/J002v39n01_07
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Försäkringskassan [The National Social Insurance Board] (2006a). Föräldrapenning [Parental benefit].

Weblink http://statistik.forsakringskassan.se/portal/ ...
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Försäkringskassan [The National Social Insurance Board] (2006b). Socialförsäkringsboken 2006. Årets tema del: På vuxenlivets tröskel [Social insurance in Sweden 2006. On the threshold to the adult life].

Weblink http://forsakringskassan.se/filer/publikation ...
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Goldstein, J., Lutz, W., and Testa, M.R. (2003). The emergence of sub-replacement family size ideals in Europe. Vienna Institute of Demography (European Demographic Research Papers 2).

Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Halman, L. (2001). The European Values Study: A Third Wave. Source Book of the 1999/2000 European Values Survey. Tilburg: Tilburg University Press.

Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Hank, K. (2001). Changes in Swedish women’s individual activity status and the subsequent risk of giving birth in the 1980s and 1990s: An extension of studies by Gunnar Andersson and Britta Hoem. Demographic Research 4(4): 125-132.

Weblink http://www.demographic-research.org/Volumes/Vol4/4/
doi:10.4054/DemRes.2001.4.4
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Hoem, B. (2000). Entry into motherhood: The influence of economic factors on the rise and fall in fertility, 1986-1997. Demographic Research 2(4).

Weblink http://www.demographic-research.org/Volumes/Vol2/4/
doi:10.4054/DemRes.2000.2.4
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Hoem, B. and Hoem, J.M. (1989). The impact of women’s employment on second and third births in modern Sweden. Population Studies 43(1): 47-67.

Weblink doi:10.1080/0032472031000143846
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Hoem, B. and Hoem, J.M. (1996). Sweden’s family policies and roller-coaster fertility. Jinko Mondai Kenkyu [Journal of Population Problems] 52: 1-22.

Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Hoem, J.M. (1990). Social policy and recent fertility change in Sweden. Population and Development Review 16(4): 735-748.

Weblink doi:10.2307/1972965
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Hoem, J.M. (1991). To marry, just in case…: The Swedish widow’s-pension reform and the peak in marriages in December 1989. Acta Sociologica 34(2): 127-135.

Weblink doi:10.1177/000169939103400205
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Hoem, J.M. (2005). Why does Sweden have such high fertility? Demographic Research 13(22): 559-572.

Weblink http://www.demographic-research.org/Volumes/Vol13/22/
doi:10.4054/DemRes.2005.13.22
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Hoem, J.M., Neyer, G., and Andersson, A. (2006a). Education and childlessness. The relationship between educational field, educational level, and childlessness among Swedish women born in 1955-1959. Demographic Research 14(15): 331-380.

Weblink http://www.demographic-research.org/Volumes/Vol14/15/
doi:10.4054/DemRes.2006.14.15
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Hoem, J.M., Neyer, G., and Andersson, A. (2006b). Educational attainment and ultimate fertility among Swedish women born in 1955-1959. Demographic Research 14(16): 481-404.

Weblink http://www.demographic-research.org/Volumes/Vol14/16/
doi:10.4054/DemRes.2006.14.16
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

JÄMO (Equal Opportunities Ombudsman) (2006). Parenthood & Parental Insurance - The Current Situation in Sweden.

Weblink http://www.jamombud.se/inenglish/docs/TheEqua ...
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Kiernan, K. (2004). Unmarried cohabitation and parenthood in Britain and Europe. Law & Policy 26(1): 33-35.

Weblink doi:10.1111/j.0265-8240.2004.00162.x
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Lesthaeghe, R. (1995). The Second Demographic Transition in Western Countries: An Interpretation. In: Mason, K.O. and Jensen, A.-M. (eds.). Gender and Family Change in Industrialized Countries. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Löfström, Å. (2003). Att lillan kom till jorden…Barnafödande och konjunktur under det sena 1900-talet [Childbearing and business cycles in the late 1900s]. Umeå Economic Studies 603 (Umeå: Umeå University).

Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Moors, G. and Bernhardt, E. (2006). Splitting up or getting married? The effects of attitudes, evaluations and intentions on transitions among cohabiting couples in Sweden.

Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

OECD (2006). OECD Employment and Labour Market Statistics. Population and Labour Force Statistics, Vol 2006 release 01 [electronic resource].

Weblink http://oecd-stats.ingenta.com/OECD/eng/TableV ...
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Oláh, L.Sz. (1998). ‘Sweden, the Middle Way’: A Feminist Approach. The European Journal of Women’s Studies 5(1): 47-67.

Weblink doi:10.1177/135050689800500104
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Oláh, L.Sz. (2001). Gender and family stability: Dissolution of the first parental union in Sweden and Hungary. Demographic Research 4(2): 29-96.

Weblink http://www.demographic-research.org/Volumes/Vol4/2/
doi:10.4054/DemRes.2001.4.2
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Oláh, L.Sz. (2003). Gendering fertility: Second births in Sweden and Hungary. Population Research and Policy Review 22(2): 171-200.

Weblink doi:10.1023/A:1025089031871
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Oláh, L.Sz. (forthcoming). First childbearing at higher ages in Sweden and Hungary, from the mid-1970s to the early 1990s: A gender approach. Scandinavian Population Studies 14.

Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Regeringskansliet [Government Chancellery] (2001). Barnafödandet i fokus. Från befolkningspolitik till ett barnvänligt samhälle. Ds 2001:57 [Childbearing in focus. From population policy to a child-friendly society. Ds 2001:57]. Stockholm: Regeringskansliet. Socialdepartementet (Dept. of Social Affairs).

Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Reher, D.S. (1998). Family ties in Western Europe: Persistent contrasts. Population and Development Review 24(2): 203-234.

Weblink doi:10.2307/2807972
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

RFV (The National Social Insurance Board) (2001). När har vi råd att skaffa barn? RFV Analyserar 2001:8 [When can we afford to have a child?]. Stockholm: Riksförsäkringsverket (RFV).

Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

RFV (The National Social Insurance Board) (2002). Spelade pappamånaden någon roll? Pappornas uttag av föräldrapenning. RFV Analyserar 2002:14. [Has the daddy month mattered? Fathers’ uptake of parental-leave]. Stockholm: Riksförsäkringsverket (RFV).

Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

RFV (The National Social Insurance Board) (2003). När har vi råd att skaffa fler barn? En studie om hur inkomst påverkar fortsatt barnafödande. RFV Analyserar 2003:8 [When can we afford to have more children? A study on the effect of income on continued childbearing]. Stockholm: Riksförsäkringsverket (RFV).

Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Santow, G. and Bracher, M. (2001). Deferment of the first birth and fluctuating fertility in Sweden. European Journal of Population 17(4): 343-363.

Weblink doi:10.1023/A:1012527623350
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

SCB (Statistics Sweden) (1995). Kvinnors och mäns liv. Del 3. Barnafödande. Demografi med barn och familj 1995: 2.3 [The lives of women and men. Part 3. Childbearing. Demographic Reports 1995: 2.3]. Örebro: SCB.

Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

SCB (Statistics Sweden) (1996-2001). Befolkningsstatistik. Del 4. Födda och döda, civilståndsändringar m.m. [Population statistics. Part 4. Birth, deaths, changes in civil status, etc.for the years 1995-2000, respectively]. Örebro: SCB.

Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

SCB (Statistics Sweden) (1999). Befolkningsutvecklingen under 250 år. Historisk statistik för Sverige. Demografiska rapporter 1999:2 [Population development in Sweden in a 250-year perspective Demographic Reports 1999:2]. Örebro: SCB.

Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

SCB (Statistics Sweden) (2001). Arbetsmarknadsstatus och fruktsamhet. Påverkar anknytningen till arbetsmarknaden kvinnors och mäns barnafödande? Demografiska rapporter 2001:2 [Employment status and reproductive behavior. Does the connection to the labor market affect women’s and men’s fertility? Demographic Reports 2001:2]. Örebro: SCB.

Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

SCB (Statistics Sweden) (2001-2003). Befolkningsstatistik. Del 4. Födda och döda, civilståndsändringar m.m. [Population statistics. Part 4. Birth, deaths, changes in civil status, etc.].

Weblink http://www.scb.se/Templates/PlanerPublicerat/ ...
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

SCB (Statistics Sweden) (2002a). Hur många barn får jag när jag blir stor? Barnafödande ur ett livsperspektiv. Demografiska rapporter 2002:5 [How many children will I have? Fertility in a life-perspective. Demographic Reports 2002:5]. Örebro: SCB.

Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

SCB (Statistics Sweden) (2002b). Mammor och pappor. Om kvinnors och mäns föräldraskap 2001. Demografiska rapporter 2002:7 [Mothers and fathers. On being a parent 2001. Demographic Reports 2002:7]. Örebro: SCB.

Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

SCB (Statistics Sweden) (2002c). Arbetskraftsprognos 2002. Information om utbildning och arbetsmarknad 2002:1 [Labor Force 2002. Information on the education and labor Market 2002:1]. Stockholm: SCB.

Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

SCB (Statistics Sweden) (2003a). Barn och deras familjer 2001. Demografiska rapporter 2003:1.2 [Children and their families 2001. Demographic Reports 2003:1.2]. Örebro: SCB.

Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

SCB (Statistics Sweden) (2003b). Arbetslöshet och barnafödande. Demografiska rapporter 2003:6 [Unemployment and childbearing. Demographic Reports 2003:6]. Örebro: SCB.

Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

SCB (Statistics Sweden) (2004-2005). Tabeller över Sveriges befolkning [Tables on the population of Sweden].

Weblink http://www.scb.se/Templates/PlanerPublicerat/ ...
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

SCB (Statistics Sweden) (2004a). Efterkrigstidens invandring och utvandring. Demografiska rapporter 2004:5 [Immigration and emigration in the postwar period. Demographic Reports 2004:5]. Örebro: SCB.

Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

SCB (Statistics Sweden) (2004b). Befolkningsstatistik [Population statistics].

Weblink http://www.scb.se (January 9, 2006)
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

SCB (Statistics Sweden) (2004c). Befolkningens utbildning 2004. Statistiska meddelanden UF 37 SM 0501 [Educational attainment of the population 2004. Statistical messages UF 37 SM 0501].

Weblink http://www.scb.se (March 27, 2006)
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

SCB (Statistics Sweden) (2005a). Statistisk Årsbok för Sverige 2006 [Statistical Yearbook of Sweden 2006]. Stockholm: SCB.

Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

SCB (Statistics Sweden) (2005b). Bostaden, storstaden och barnfamiljen. Demografiska rapporter 2005:1 [Metropolitan area, housing and families with children. Demographic reports 2005:1]. Örebro: SCB.

Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

SCB (Statistics Sweden) (2006a). Folkmängd i hela riket, länen och kommunerna 31 december 2005. Statistiska meddelanden BE 12 SM 0601 [Population in the whole country, counties and municipalities on Dec. 31, 2005. Statistical messages BE 12 SM 0601].

Weblink http://www.scb.se (March 15, 2006)
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

SCB (Statistics Sweden) (2006b). Befolkningsstatistik i sammandrag 1960-2005 [Population statistics, a summary, 1960-2005].

Weblink http://www.scb.se (March 15, 2006)
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

SCB (Statistics Sweden) (2006c). Frutsamhetsregistret [Fertility register]. (Retrieved July 10, 2006).

Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

SCB (Statistics Sweden) (2006d). Arbetskraftsundersökningar [Labor Force Surveys].

Weblink http://www.scb.se (August 15, 2006)
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

SCB (Statistics Sweden) (2007a). Befolkningsutveckling; födda, döda, in- och utvandring, gifta, skilda 1749-2005 [Population development; births, deaths, in- and out-migration, marriages, divorces 1749-2005].

Weblink http://www.scb.se/templates/tableOrChart____2 ...
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

SCB (Statistics Sweden) (2007b). Statistikdatabasen [Statistical database] [electronic resource].

Weblink http://www.scb.se (January 3, 2007)
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

SCB (Statistics Sweden) (diff. yrs.). Statistisk Årsbok för Sverige [Statistical Yearbook for Sweden]. Stockholm: Norstedt & Söner (The yearbooks for the following years are referred to here: 1914, 1929, 1922, 1924, 1928, 1933, 1936, 1940, 1943, 1945, 1952, 1956, 1960, 1962, 1964).

Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Socialstyrelsen (Swedish National Board of Health and Welfare) (2000). Statistik - Hälsa och sjukdomar. Aborter 1998 [Statistics - health and diseases. Abortions 1998]. Stockholm: Socialstyrelsen, Epidemiologiskt Centrum (Center for Epidemiology).

Weblink http://www.socialstyrelsen.se (December 29, 2006)
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Socialstyrelsen (Swedish National Board of Health and Welfare) (2005). Reproduktiv hälsa i ett folkhälsoperspektiv [Reproductive health from a public health perspective]. Stockholm: Socialstyrelsen, Epidemiologiskt Centrum (Center for Epidemiology).

Weblink http://www.socialstyrelsen.se (August 15, 2006)
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Socialstyrelsen (Swedish National Board of Health and Welfare) (2006a). Childbirth after IVF treatment in Sweden 1982-2001. Stockholm: Socialstyrelsen, Epidemiologiskt Centrum (Center for Epidemiology).

Weblink http://www.socialstyrelsen.se (August 15, 2006)
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Socialstyrelsen (Swedish National Board of Health and Welfare) (2006b). Statistik - Hälsa och sjukdomar. Aborter 2005 [Statistics - health and diseases. Abortions 2005]. Stockholm: Socialstyrelsen, Epidemiologiskt Centrum (Center for Epidemiology).

Weblink http://www.socialstyrelsen.se (December 29, 2006)
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Ström, S. (2006). Housing, work and children.

Weblink http://www.framtidsstudier.se/eng/redirect.as ...
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Sundström, M. and Duvander, A.-Z. (2002). Gender division of childcare and the sharing of parental leave among new parents in Sweden. European Sociological Review 18(4): 433-447.

Weblink doi:10.1093/esr/18.4.433
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Thomson, E. (2005). Partnership and parenthood: Connections between cohabitation, marriage and childbearing. In: Booth, A. and Crouter, N. (eds.). The New Population Problem: Why Families in Developed Countries are Shrinking and What It Means. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Vikat, A., Thomson, E., and Hoem, J.M. (1999). Stepfamily fertility in contemporary Sweden: The impact of childbearing before the current union. Population Studies 53(2): 211-225.

Weblink doi:10.1080/00324720308082
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Articles

»Volume 19

 

Jump to Article

Volume Page
Volume Article ID