Volume 19 - Article 35 | Pages 1323-1350

An integrated approach to cause-of-death analysis: cause-deleted life tables and decompositions of life expectancy

By Hiram Beltran-Sanchez, Samuel Preston, Vladimir Canudas-Romo

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Date received:11 Mar 2008
Date published:25 Jul 2008
Word count:4099
Keywords:causes of death, decomposition method, decomposition technique, demography, life expectancy, life tables, morbidity, mortality
DOI:10.4054/DemRes.2008.19.35
 

Abstract

This article integrates two methods that analyze the implications of various causes of death for life expectancy. One of the methods attributes changes in life expectancy to various causes of death; the other method examines the effect of removing deaths from a particular cause on life expectancy. This integration is accomplished by new formulas that make clearer the interactions among causes of death in determining life expectancy. We apply our approach to changes in life expectancy in the United States between 1970 and 2000. We demonstrate, and explain analytically, the paradox that cancer is responsible for more years of life lost in 2000 than in 1970 despite the fact that declines in cancer mortality contributed to advances in life expectancy between 1970 and 2000.

Author's Affiliation

Hiram Beltran-Sanchez - University of Southern California, United States of America [Email]
Samuel Preston - University of Pennsylvania, United States of America [Email]
Vladimir Canudas-Romo - University of Copenhagen, Denmark [Email]

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