Volume 19 - Article 61 | Pages 2043-2056

The effects of socioeconomic and cultural characteristics of regions on the spatial patterns of the Second Demographic Transition in Finland

By Tapani Valkonen, Jenni Blomgren, Timo M. Kauppinen, Pekka Martikainen, Elina Mäenpää

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Date received:10 Mar 2008
Date published:12 Dec 2008
Word count:3958
Keywords:cohabitation, cultural factors, divorce rate, regional differences, second demographic transition, socioeconomic factors
DOI:10.4054/DemRes.2008.19.61
 

Abstract

The article studies to what extent regional socioeconomic and cultural characteristics explain spatial patterns in the Second Demographic Transition in Finland. The country’s 75 functional regions are used as area units. A summary indicator of the transition based on divorce and cohabitation is used as the dependent variable. The results show that the spatial pattern is mainly determined according to the regional level of urbanization, but the effect is mediated by cultural characteristics (secularization and support for the socialist and green parties). The cultural characteristics have only a modest independent effect.

Author's Affiliation

Tapani Valkonen - University of Helsinki, Finland [Email]
Jenni Blomgren - National Public Health Institute, Finland [Email]
Timo M. Kauppinen - National Research and Development Centre for Welfare and Health, Helsinki, Finland [Email]
Pekka Martikainen - University of Helsinki, Finland [Email]
Elina Mäenpää - University of Helsinki, Finland [Email]

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