Volume 2 - Article 4

Entry into motherhood in Sweden: The influence of economic factors on the rise and fall in fertility, 1986-1997

By Britta Hoem

Print this page  Twitter


Date received:07 Feb 2000
Date published:17 Apr 2000
Word count:5555
Keywords:fertility, fertility decline, fertility determinants, Sweden


On the background of the dramatic swings in the Swedish TFR since the mid-1980s we present a first attempt at assessing the impact of labor-market trends on the timing of the first birth based on individual-level register data covering all Swedish women born in 1950 or later. Among our covariates we have each woman’s income, partitioned into any income earned from work, any unemployment benefits, and any public support for educational activities. We also have employment trends in her home municipality. The latter variables are included for every relevant year.
We find that first-birth rates rose and fell in step with municipal employment levels. The effect is especially strong for young women, and the decline in first birth during the 1990s was concentrated primarily among women aged below 30. First-birth rates increased with a woman’s earned income. Unemployed women did not have particularly low first-birth rates, but students did.

Author's Affiliation

Britta Hoem - Statistics Sweden, Sweden

Most recent similar articles in Demographic Research

» Social differentials in speed-premium effects in childbearing in Sweden
Volume 14 - Article 4    | Keywords: fertility, fertility determinants, Sweden

» The causal effect of an additional sibling on completed fertility: An estimation of intergenerational fertility correlations by looking at siblings of twins
Volume 32 - Article 51    | Keywords: fertility, Sweden

» Urban fertility responses to local government programs: Evidence from the 1923-1932 U.S.
Volume 32 - Article 16    | Keywords: fertility, fertility decline

» Fertility and the fast-track: Continued childbearing among professionals in Sweden, 1991-2009
Volume 31 - Article 15    | Keywords: fertility, Sweden

» Domestic gender equality and childbearing in Sweden
Volume 29 - Article 40    | Keywords: fertility, Sweden


»Volume 2




Similar Articles



Jump to Article

Volume Page
Volume Article ID