Volume 20 - Article 5 | Pages 37-64

A systematic literature review of studies analyzing the effect of sex, age, education, marital status, obesity, and smoking on health transitions

By Gabriele Doblhammer, Rasmus Hoffmann, Elena Muth, Christina Westphal, Anne Kruse

Print this page  Send this article to a friend  Twitter

 

 
Date received:13 Apr 2007
Date published:06 Feb 2009
Word count:5772
Keywords:gender, health, mortality, obesity, review, sex, smoking, systematic review, transition
DOI:10.4054/DemRes.2009.20.5
Additional files:20-5 Appendix (Excel file, 281 kB)
 20-5 Appendix (zip file, 68 kB)
 

Abstract

Sex, age, education, marital status, obesity, and smoking have been found to affect health transitions between non-disabled, disabled, and death. Our aim is to review the research literature on this topic and provide structured information, first on the availability of results for each risk factor and transition, and then on detailed study characteristics and disability measures. We use expert recommendations and the electronic databases Medline, PsycINFO, and SOCA. The search is confined to the years 1985-2005, and produced a total of 7,778 articles. Sixty-three articles met the selection criteria regarding study population, longitudinal design, risk factors, transition, and outcome measures.

Author's Affiliation

Gabriele Doblhammer - Rostocker Zentrum zur Erforschung des Demografischen Wandels, Germany [Email]
Rasmus Hoffmann - European University Institute, Italy [Email]
Elena Muth - Rostocker Zentrum zur Erforschung des Demografischen Wandels, Germany [Email]
Christina Westphal - Rostocker Zentrum zur Erforschung des Demografischen Wandels, Germany [Email]
Anne Kruse - Rostocker Zentrum zur Erforschung des Demografischen Wandels, Germany [Email]

Other articles by the same author/authors in Demographic Research

» Trends in educational mortality differentials in Austria between 1981/82 and 2001/2002: A study based on a linkage of census data and death certificates
Volume 19 - Article 51

» Do socioeconomic mortality differences decrease with rising age?
Volume 13 - Article 2

» Seasonal mortality in Denmark: the role of sex and age
Volume 9 - Article 9

» Longevity and month of birth: Evidence from Austria and Denmark
Volume 1 - Article 3

Most recent similar articles in Demographic Research

» The future of death in America
Volume 25 - Article 1    | Keywords: mortality, obesity, smoking

» Does nativity matter?: Correlates of immigrant health by generation in the Russian Federation
Volume 24 - Article 32    | Keywords: health, sex

» A modified new method for estimating smoking-attributable mortality in high-income countries
Volume 23 - Article 14    | Keywords: mortality, smoking

» Diverging trends in female old-age mortality: A reappraisal
Volume 21 - Article 30    | Keywords: mortality, smoking

» Mortality in Catalonia in the context of the third, fourth and future phases of the epidemiological transition theory
Volume 20 - Article 8    | Keywords: gender, mortality