Volume 20 - Article 6 | Pages 65-96

Overestimating HIV infection:: The construction and accuracy of subjective probabilities of HIV infection in rural Malawi

By Philip Anglewicz, PhD, Hans-Peter Kohler, PhD

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Date received:07 May 2007
Date published:10 Feb 2009
Word count:8149
Keywords:accuracy of perceived HIV status, AIDS/HIV, perceived risk, Sub-Saharan Africa
DOI:10.4054/DemRes.2009.20.6
 

Abstract

In the absence of HIV testing, how do rural Malawians assess their HIV status? In this paper, we use a unique dataset that includes respondents’ HIV status as well as their subjective likelihood of HIV infection. These data show that many rural Malawians overestimate their likelihood of current HIV infection. The discrepancy between actual and perceived status raises an important question: Why are so many wrong? We begin by identifying determinants of self-assessed HIV status, and then compare these assessments with HIV biomarker results. Finally, we ask what characteristics of individuals are associated with errors in self-assessments.

Author's Affiliation

Philip Anglewicz, PhD - Tulane University, United States of America [Email]
Hans-Peter Kohler, PhD - University of Pennsylvania, United States of America [Email]

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