Volume 21 - Article 30 | Pages 885-914

Diverging trends in female old-age mortality: A reappraisal

By L. Daniel Staetsky

Print this page  Twitter


Date received:16 Mar 2009
Date published:15 Dec 2009
Word count:5155
Keywords:convergence, divergences, health transition, mortality, smoking


Over the second half of the 20th century a number of divergences and convergences of mortality schedules were observed across the world. Some of these developments remain incompletely understood. In recent overviews of old-age female mortality Mesle and Vallin (2006, Population and Development Review) and Rau, Soroko, Jasilionis, and Vaupel (2008, Population and Development Review) describe two contrasting patterns of mortality change between the mid-1980s and the end of the 20th century: a pattern of a large decrease in mortality exhibited by France and Japan and a pattern of a smaller decrease, stability or a certain increase in mortality shown by Denmark, the United States and the Netherlands. No satisfactory explanation of this phenomenon has been proposed so far. This paper shows that the divergence is, to a very significant extent, due to the differential impact of smoking related mortality on female populations of France and Japan versus Denmark, the United States and the Netherlands. The end to the diverging trends is demonstrated. Other lifestyle factors potentially implicated in the divergence are also discussed.

Author's Affiliation

L. Daniel Staetsky - Institute for Jewish Policy Research, United Kingdom [Email]

Other articles by the same author/authors in Demographic Research

» Unusually small sex differentials in mortality of Israeli Jews: What does the structure of causes of death tell us?
Volume 20 - Article 11

Most recent similar articles in Demographic Research

» Factors responsible for mortality variation in the United States: A latent variable analysis
Volume 31 - Article 2    | Keywords: mortality, smoking

» The future of death in America
Volume 25 - Article 1    | Keywords: mortality, smoking

» A modified new method for estimating smoking-attributable mortality in high-income countries
Volume 23 - Article 14    | Keywords: mortality, smoking

» A systematic literature review of studies analyzing the effect of sex, age, education, marital status, obesity, and smoking on health transitions
Volume 20 - Article 5    | Keywords: mortality, smoking

» Decomposition analysis of Spanish life expectancy at birth: Evolution and changes in the components by sex and age
Volume 13 - Article 20    | Keywords: health transition, mortality


»Volume 21





Similar Articles



Jump to Article

Volume Page
Volume Article ID