Volume 21 - Article 31 | Pages 915-944

High Suburban Fertility: Evidence from Four Northern European Countries

By Hill Kulu, Dr. , Paul Boyle, Gunnar Andersson

Print this page  Send this article to a friend  Twitter

 

 
Date received:05 Sep 2008
Date published:17 Dec 2009
Word count:5351
Keywords:fertility, Nordic countries, rural, suburban, urban
DOI:10.4054/DemRes.2009.21.31
 

Abstract

This study examines fertility variation across different residential contexts in four Northern European countries: Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden. We move beyond the conventional urban-rural focus of most previous studies of within-nation variations in fertility by distinguishing between urban centres and suburbs of cities and towns. We base our study on aggregate and individual-level register data and our analysis shows that fertility levels are significantly higher in suburbs than in urban centres; this pattern has persisted over the past quarter of a century for all four countries. A parity-specific analysis of Swedish register data reveals that total fertility varies between central cities and suburbs due to the relatively high first- and second-birth propensities in the suburbs. Further analysis shows that fertility variation between the central cities and suburbs persists after controlling for women’s socioeconomic characteristics. We discuss the role of various factors in accounting for high suburban fertility including omitted individual characteristics, contextual factors and selective residential moves of couples planning to have a child.

Author's Affiliation

Hill Kulu, Dr. - University of Liverpool, United Kingdom [Email]
Paul Boyle - University of St Andrews, United Kingdom [Email]
Gunnar Andersson - Stockholm University, Sweden [Email]

Other articles by the same author/authors in Demographic Research

» Economic Uncertainty and Family Dynamics in Europe: Introduction
Volume 27 - Article 28

» Labor-market status, migrant status and first childbearing in Sweden
Volume 27 - Article 25

» Premarital cohabitation and divorce: Support for the "Trial Marriage" Theory?
Volume 23 - Article 31

» Cohort Fertility Patterns in the Nordic Countries
Volume 20 - Article 14

» Childbearing dynamics of couples in a universalistic welfare state: The role of labor-market status, country of origin, and gender
Volume 17 - Article 30

» Migration and union dissolution in a changing socio-economic context: The case of Russia
Volume 17 - Article 27

» Fertility differences by housing type: The effect of housing conditions or of selective moves?
Volume 17 - Article 26

» Migration and first-time parenthood: Evidence from Kyrgyzstan
Volume 17 - Article 25

» Family change and migration in the life course: An introduction
Volume 17 - Article 19

» Understanding parental gender preferences in advanced societies: Lessons from Sweden and Finland
Volume 17 - Article 6

» Educational attainment and ultimate fertility among Swedish women born in 1955-59
Volume 14 - Article 16

» Education and childlessness: The relationship between educational field, educational level, and childlessness among Swedish women born in 1955-59
Volume 14 - Article 15

» Social differentials in speed-premium effects in childbearing in Sweden
Volume 14 - Article 4

» Demographic trends in Sweden: An update of childbearing and nuptiality up to 2002
Volume 11 - Article 4

» A summary of Special Collection 3: Contemporary Research on European Fertility: Perspectives and Developments
Volume 10 - Article 13

» Children's experience of family disruption and family formation: Evidence from 16 FFS countries
Volume 7 - Article 7

» Life-table representations of family dynamics in Sweden, Hungary, and 14 other FFS countries: A project of descriptions of demographic behavior
Volume 7 - Article 4

» Fertility developments in Norway and Sweden since the early 1960s
Volume 6 - Article 4

» Demographic trends in Sweden: Childbearing developments in 1961-2000, marriage and divorce developments in 1971-1999
Volume 5 - Article 3

» Contemporary Research on European Fertility: Introduction
Special Collection 3 - Article 1

» Childbearing Developments in Denmark, Norway, and Sweden from the 1970s to the 1990s: A Comparison
Special Collection 3 - Article 7

Most recent similar articles in Demographic Research

» Explaining the rural-urban gap in infant mortality in India
Volume 29 - Article 18    | Keywords: rural, urban

» Premarital cohabitation and divorce: Support for the "Trial Marriage" Theory?
Volume 23 - Article 31    | Keywords: rural, urban

» Attitudes towards abortion and contraception in rural and urban Burkina Faso
Volume 17 - Article 2    | Keywords: rural, urban

» Value of Children and the social production of welfare
Volume 30 - Article 66    | Keywords: fertility

» Homogamy in socio-economic background and education, and the dissolution of cohabiting unions
Volume 30 - Article 65    | Keywords: Nordic countries