Volume 22 - Article 29 | Pages 933-964

Men´s and women´s economic activity and first marriage: Jews in Israel, 1987-1995

By Liat Raz-Yurovich

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Date received:11 Dec 2009
Date published:18 May 2010
Word count:9544
Keywords:education, employment, event history analysis, income, Israel, life course, longitudinal, marriage
Updated Items:On January 28, 2013 a typing mistake was corrected on page 947.
Weblink:You will find all publications in this Special Collection “Economic uncertainty and family dynamics in Europe” at http://www.demographic-research.org/special/12/


Using both analysis of the effect of lagged economic and current educational characteristics and analysis of life-course changes in these characteristics, this study provides insights into the theoretical debate concerning the relationships between men´s and women´s economic activity and transition to first marriage. Our findings support the men´s economic stability hypothesis, the search hypothesis and the income pooling hypothesis; and counter the women´s economic independence hypothesis, but only to a certain degree. For men, we find a positive effect of employment stability, and a positive effect of earnings, which increase over time. For women, the effect of the salary has an inverse U shape, and employment stability has positive effect on marriage. Over the life course, we find that men who have a continuum of stable employment have the highest odds of first marriage; while women reduce economic activity in anticipation of or due to marriage. Moreover, marriage is postponed for at least two years after educational accumulation is completed.

Author's Affiliation

Liat Raz-Yurovich - Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel [Email]

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