Volume 24 - Article 15 | Pages 345-374
Exploring the meaning of context for health: Community influences on child health in South India
|Date received:||16 Dec 2009|
|Date published:||22 Feb 2011|
|Keywords:||caste, child health, child nutrition, India, low birthweight, neighborhood effects|
Much research attention has been devoted to community context and health. Communities are often defined as residential spaces, such as neighborhoods, or as social groupings, such as caste in India. Using data from a group of tea estates in South India, we attempt to address important methodological challenges in the identification of neighborhood effects on child health. We find significant neighborhood effects for weight for age at age one, including a protective role for community-level women’s education, but none for birth weight. In contrast to the usual pattern in rural India, caste disparities in child health are also eliminated in this setting.
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