Volume 25 - Article 8 | Pages 285-310

Gender differences in social mortality differentials in Switzerland (1990-2005)

By Reto Schumacher, Sarah Vilpert

Print this page  Send this article to a friend  Twitter

 

 
Date received:21 Oct 2009
Date published:26 Jul 2011
Word count:7433
Keywords:differential mortality, education, gender, linked census data, marital status, Switzerland
DOI:10.4054/DemRes.2011.25.8
 

Abstract

Using data from the 1990 and 2000 Swiss Federal Censuses linked to the death records of the years 1990-1995 and 2000-2005, this paper investigates gender differences in mortality differentials by level of educational achievement and by marital status. In both periods, the differential by level of education is clearly more pronounced among men, but the difference in the educational gradient between men and women decreases between the two periods of observation. Health behavior might contribute to the gender difference in the educational mortality gradient, but it is probably not the main reason for this finding. The mortality differential by marital status is also stronger in men, but the difference between men and women narrows over time. Our analysis also shows that gender differences in the mortality differential by marital status almost disappear when gender differences in population composition by level of education, nationality, employment status, and housing situation are taken into account.

Author's Affiliation

Reto Schumacher - University of Geneva, Switzerland [Email]
Sarah Vilpert - Swiss Health Observatory, Switzerland [Email]

Most recent similar articles in Demographic Research

» Family size and intra-family inequalities in education in Ouagadougou
Volume 31 - Article 49    | Keywords: education, gender

» What happens after you drop out? Transition to adulthood among early school-leavers in urban Indonesia
Volume 30 - Article 41    | Keywords: education, gender

» Mortality by marital status in a rapidly changing society: Evidence from the Czech Republic
Volume 29 - Article 12    | Keywords: differential mortality, marital status

» Educational Differences in Divorce in Japan
Volume 28 - Article 6    | Keywords: education, gender

» Changes in educational differentials in old-age mortality in Finland and Sweden between 1971-1975 and 1996-2000
Volume 26 - Article 19    | Keywords: differential mortality, education