Volume 26 - Article 1 | Pages 1-40

The influence of employment uncertainty on childbearing in France: A tempo or quantum effect?

By Ariane Pailhé, Anne Solaz

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Date received:07 Jun 2010
Date published:11 Jan 2012
Word count:11185
Keywords:birth parity, event history analysis, fertility, gender, labor market, short-term employment, unemployment
DOI:10.4054/DemRes.2012.26.1
Weblink:You will find all publications in this Special Collection “Economic uncertainty and family dynamics in Europe” at http://www.demographic-research.org/special/12/
 

Abstract

This paper investigates whether unemployment and insecure employment periods merely delay fertility or also impact on completed fertility in France. It analyses both the timing of first childbearing and the fertility reached at age 40. Different indicators of declining employment security are used, i.e. current individual employment characteristics, the accumulation of unstable jobs, and aggregate-level indicators of employment uncertainty. Male unemployment has a negative influence on the timing of first childbearing, while periods of insecure employment delay fertility for women. Completed fertility is impacted by unemployment spells only for men who have faced long-term unemployment. Employment uncertainty thus tends to delay first parenthood but has a relatively weak effect on lifetime fertility in France. Generous state support to families associated with a generous unemployment insurance system, and the strong French two-child family norm may explain why economic uncertainty affects fertility less than elsewhere.

Author's Affiliation

Ariane Pailhé - Institut national d´études démographiques (INED), France [Email]
Anne Solaz - Institut national d´études démographiques (INED), France [Email]

Other articles by the same author/authors in Demographic Research

» Economic Uncertainty and Family Dynamics in Europe: Introduction
Volume 27 - Article 28

» France: High and stable fertility
Volume 19 - Article 16

» Generations and Gender Survey (GGS): Towards a Better Understanding of Relationships and Processes in the Life Course
Volume 17 - Article 14

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