Volume 26 - Article 24 | Pages 661-700

Natural resources and rural livelihoods: Differences between migrants and non-migrants in Madagascar

By Raphael Nawrotzki, Thomas W. Dickinson, Lori Hunter

Print this page  Send this article to a friend  Twitter

 

 
Date received:13 Sep 2011
Date published:27 Jun 2012
Word count:8140
Keywords:DHS, environment, length of residency, Madagascar, multilevel model, natural resources, NDVI, rural livelihoods, sustainable livelihood framework, urban to rural migration, vegetation
DOI:10.4054/DemRes.2012.26.24
Weblink:You will find all publications in this Special Collection “Spatial Demography” at http://www.demographic-research.org/special/13/
 

Abstract

Background: Although natural resources play a central role in rural livelihoods across the globe, little research has explored the relationship between migration and natural capital use, particularly in combination with other livelihood capitals (i.e., human, social, financial and physical).

Objective: Grounded in the rural livelihood framework, this paper explores the association between the livelihood capital availability, especially natural capital, for migrants and non-migrants in rural Madagascar.

Methods: Data from the 2008/2009 Demographic and Health Survey are used in combination with satellite imagery of vegetation coverage (Normalized Difference Vegetation Index, NDVI) to proxy natural resources. Hierarchical multilevel models allow for inclusion of cross-level interactions between migrant status and proximate natural resources as determinants of the status of livelihood assets.

Results: Three key findings emerge. First, higher levels of proximate natural resources are associated with greater financial, human, and social capital for both migrants and non-migrants. Second, migrants have, on average, greater financial, physical, human, and social capital than non-migrants, and urban-to-rural migrants do exceptionally well on all capital asset categories. Third, migrants residing in areas with higher levels of natural capital tend to have significantly higher levels of human capital (education).

Conclusions: Although we cannot examine livelihood strategies per se, the results suggest variation in livelihood potential among migrants and non-migrants in rural Madagascar, with migrants tending to have greater capital assets. In addition, access to natural resources is a central livelihood strategy.

Author's Affiliation

Raphael Nawrotzki - University of Colorado at Boulder, United States of America [Email]
Thomas W. Dickinson - University of Colorado at Boulder, United States of America [Email]
Lori Hunter - University of Colorado at Boulder, United States of America [Email]

Most recent similar articles in Demographic Research

» Further evidence of community education effects on fertility in sub-Saharan Africa
Volume 27 - Article 22    | Keywords: DHS

» European views of divorce among parents of young children: Understanding cross-national variation
Volume 27 - Article 2    | Keywords: multilevel model

» Consumption-Driven Environmental Impact and Age Structure Change in OECD Countries: A Cointegration-STIRPAT Analysis
Volume 24 - Article 30    | Keywords: environment

» The correlates of infant and childhood mortality: A theoretical overview and new evidence from the analysis of longitudinal data of the Bejsce (Poland) parish register reconstitution study of the 18th-20th centuries
Volume 20 - Article 23    | Keywords: multilevel model

» Hotspots and Coldspots: Household and village-level variation in orphanhood prevalence in rural Malawi
Volume 19 - Article 32    | Keywords: multilevel model