Volume 29 - Article 19 | Pages 507-520

Minor gradient in mortality by education at the highest ages: An application of the Extinct-Cohort method

By Roland Rau, Magdalena Muszyńska, Paul Eilers

Print this page  Send this article to a friend  Twitter

 

 
Date received:28 Mar 2013
Date published:17 Sep 2013
Word count:1900
Keywords:extinct cohort, oldest old mortality, socioeconomic mortality differentials
DOI:10.4054/DemRes.2013.29.19
 

Abstract

Background: Socioeconomic mortality differentials are known to exist almost universally. Many studies show a trend towards convergence with increasing age. Information about the highest ages is very rare, though.

Objective: We want to find out whether socioeconomic factors determine the chance of death in the United States among the oldest people.

Methods: Based on official death count records, we employ the extinct cohort method to estimate the age-specific probability of dying by level of education.

Results: We present evidence that socioeconomic differentials in mortality exist even at the highest ages (95+), although the gap is small.

Comments: To our knowledge, this is the first population-based study to analyze socioeconomic mortality differentials at ages 95 and higher. We present, furthermore, a novel field of application for the extinct cohort method.

Author's Affiliation

Roland Rau - University of Rostock, Germany [Email]
Magdalena Muszyńska - Warsaw School of Economics, Poland [Email]
Paul Eilers - Erasmus Medical Center, Rotterdam, Netherlands [Email]

Other articles by the same author/authors in Demographic Research

» An analysis of life expectancy and economic production using expectile frontier zones
Volume 21 - Article 5

» Women’s employment and union dissolution in a changing socio-economic context in Russia
Volume 18 - Article 6

» Migration and union dissolution in a changing socio-economic context: The case of Russia
Volume 17 - Article 27

» Seasonal mortality in Denmark: the role of sex and age
Volume 9 - Article 9