Volume 29 - Article 19 | Pages 507-520
Minor gradient in mortality by education at the highest ages: An application of the Extinct-Cohort method
|Date received:||28 Mar 2013|
|Date published:||17 Sep 2013|
|Keywords:||extinct cohort, oldest old mortality, socioeconomic mortality differentials|
Background: Socioeconomic mortality differentials are known to exist almost universally. Many studies show a trend towards convergence with increasing age. Information about the highest ages is very rare, though.
Objective: We want to find out whether socioeconomic factors determine the chance of death in the United States among the oldest people.
Methods: Based on official death count records, we employ the extinct cohort method to estimate the age-specific probability of dying by level of education.
Results: We present evidence that socioeconomic differentials in mortality exist even at the highest ages (95+), although the gap is small.
Comments: To our knowledge, this is the first population-based study to analyze socioeconomic mortality differentials at ages 95 and higher. We present, furthermore, a novel field of application for the extinct cohort method.
Roland Rau - University of Rostock, Germany
Magdalena Muszyńska - Warsaw School of Economics, Poland
Paul Eilers - Erasmus Medical Center, Rotterdam, Netherlands
Other articles by the same author/authors in Demographic Research