Volume 36 - Article 39 | Pages 1149-1184

Depressed fertility among descendants of immigrants in Sweden

By Gunnar Andersson, Lotta Persson, Ognjen Obućina

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Date received:28 Oct 2015
Date published:11 Apr 2017
Word count:6124
Keywords:descendants, fertility, immigration, Sweden
DOI:10.4054/DemRes.2017.36.39
 

Abstract

Background: Previous research shows evidence of an interrelation between family formation and the migration of immigrants in Europe. Less research has been conducted on the fertility and family behavior of the descendants of immigrants.

Objective: Our study provides analyses of the childbearing behavior of daughters of immigrants in Sweden. The context is that of a country with near-replacement-level fertility and social policies oriented towards social equality.

Methods: The study is based on register data covering 1998-2012, which allows for highly detailed analyses of the childbearing behavior of 20 country origin groups of second-generation women. By means of event history techniques, we analyze the transition to any first, second, and third births.

Results: Our analyses show that most groups of descendants of immigrants have lower fertility than those with a full Swedish background. The risk of having a first child is particularly depressed, and the risk of having a second child is also lower for daughters of immigrants than for women with two Swedish-born parents. In contrast, many groups of immigrant-descendant two-child mothers display elevated third-birth risks.

Conclusions: Our findings demonstrate the necessity to account for parity-specific differences in fertility when studying the fertility of descendants of migrants.

Contribution: Our study is based on data large enough to allow for a disaggregated analysis by birth order and parental country background. It shows that, on average, the fertility of women in the so-called second generation in Sweden is lower than that of women with a full Swedish background.

Author's Affiliation

Gunnar Andersson - Stockholms Universitet, Sweden [Email]
Lotta Persson - Statistiska centralbyrån (Statistics Sweden), Sweden [Email]
Ognjen Obućina - Stockholms Universitet, Sweden [Email]

Other articles by the same author/authors in Demographic Research

» Marriage and divorce of immigrants and descendants of immigrants in Sweden
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» Immigrant fertility in Sweden, 2000-2011: A descriptive note
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» Occupational trajectories and occupational cost among Senegalese immigrants in Europe
Volume 28 - Article 19

» Economic Uncertainty and Family Dynamics in Europe: Introduction
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» Labor-market status, migrant status and first childbearing in Sweden
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» High Suburban Fertility: Evidence from Four Northern European Countries
Volume 21 - Article 31

» Cohort fertility patterns in the Nordic countries
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» Childbearing dynamics of couples in a universalistic welfare state: The role of labor-market status, country of origin, and gender
Volume 17 - Article 30

» Migration and first-time parenthood: Evidence from Kyrgyzstan
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» Understanding parental gender preferences in advanced societies: Lessons from Sweden and Finland
Volume 17 - Article 6

» Educational attainment and ultimate fertility among Swedish women born in 1955-59
Volume 14 - Article 16

» Education and childlessness: The relationship between educational field, educational level, and childlessness among Swedish women born in 1955-59
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» Social differentials in speed-premium effects in childbearing in Sweden
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» Demographic trends in Sweden: An update of childbearing and nuptiality up to 2002
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» A summary of Special Collection 3: Contemporary Research on European Fertility: Perspectives and Developments
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» Children's experience of family disruption and family formation: Evidence from 16 FFS countries
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» Life-table representations of family dynamics in Sweden, Hungary, and 14 other FFS countries: A project of descriptions of demographic behavior
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» Fertility developments in Norway and Sweden since the early 1960s
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» Demographic trends in Sweden: Childbearing developments in 1961-2000, marriage and divorce developments in 1971-1999
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» Contemporary Research on European Fertility: Introduction
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» Childbearing Developments in Denmark, Norway, and Sweden from the 1970s to the 1990s: A Comparison
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