Volume 7 - Article 11 | Pages 407-432

Association of Divorce with Socio-Demographic Covariates in China, 1955-1985: Event History Analysis Based on Data Collected in Shanghai, Hebei, and Shaanxi

By Yi Zeng, Professor, T. Paul Schultz, Deming D. Wang, Danan Gu

Print this page  Send this article to a friend  Twitter

 

 
Date received:25 May 2001
Date published:29 Aug 2002
Word count:7047
Keywords:arranged marriage, China, divorce, divorce risk, early marriage, socio-demographic factors of divorce
DOI:10.4054/DemRes.2002.7.11
 

Abstract

Based on a unique data set on the event history of marriage and divorce collected in the In-Depth Fertility Surveys conducted in Shanghai, Shaanxi, and Hebei in 1985 and a multivariate hazards model, this paper investigates the association between divorce risk and socio-demographic factors in China. Controlling for several other socio-demographic factors, we demonstrate that the risk of divorce for women who married before age 18 is twice as high as that of those married after age 20; the risk of divorce of arranged marriages is about 2.6 times as high as that of not-arranged ones.
The number of children is highly and negatively correlated with risk of divorce; the traditional son preference does not seem having substantial effects on divorce among women who have one or two children; but the risk of divorce of women who have three or more daughters without a son was 2.2 times as high as that of those women who have three or more children with at least one son. The divorce level in urban areas is higher than that in rural areas.
The greater proportion of arranged and early marriages plus some other special factors in a less developed region (Shaanxi) contributes to its higher general divorce rate before 1985, in comparison with the advanced region (Shanghai). The divorce level in Shanghai after 1985 has become higher than that in Shaanxi. It seems that education level is positively related to divorce and labor force participation is negatively related to divorce, but the estimates are not statistically significant. Some explanations of these findings are also discussed in this paper.

Author's Affiliation

Yi Zeng, Professor - Duke University, United States of America [Email]
T. Paul Schultz - Yale University, United States of America [Email]
Deming D. Wang - Alma College, United States of America [Email]
Danan Gu - United Nations, United States of America [Email]

Other articles by the same author/authors in Demographic Research

» Old age mortality in Eastern and South-Eastern Asia
Volume 29 - Article 38

» The association between resilience and survival among Chinese elderly
Volume 23 - Article 5

» Estimating time-varying sex-age-specific o/e rates of marital status transitions in family household projection or simulation
Volume 11 - Article 10

» Sociodemographic Effects on the Onset and Recovery of ADL Disability among Chinese Oldest-old
Volume 11 - Article 1

» Oldest Old Mortality in China
Volume 8 - Article 7

» Family Dynamics of 63 Million (in 1990) to More Than 330 Million (in 2050) Elders in China
Volume 2 - Article 5

Most recent similar articles in Demographic Research

» The gender divide in urban China: Singlehood and assortative mating by age and education
Volume 31 - Article 45    | Keywords: China

» The long-term consequences of parental divorce for children’s educational attainment
Volume 30 - Article 61    | Keywords: divorce

» When one spouse has an affair, who is more likely to leave?
Volume 30 - Article 18    | Keywords: divorce

» Register-based estimates of parents' coresidence in Sweden, 1969-2007
Volume 29 - Article 42    | Keywords: divorce

» Could changes in reported sex ratios at birth during China's 1958-1961 famine support the adaptive sex ratio adjustment hypothesis?
Volume 29 - Article 33    | Keywords: China