Volume 7 - Article 3 | Pages 49-66

Language-group Differences in Very Early Retirement in Finland

By Jan Saarela, Fjalar Finnäs

Print this page  Send this article to a friend  Twitter

 

 
Date received:08 Mar 2002
Date published:31 Jul 2002
Word count:3477
Keywords:early retirement, health, native language, retirement, unobserved heterogeneity
DOI:10.4054/DemRes.2002.7.3
 

Abstract

The purpose of this paper is to study very early retirement as an indicator for poor health, with focus on a comparison between the two language groups in Finland. Extensive longitudinal data are analysed with the help of random effects probit models.
As expected from previous studies of mortality differences, the rate of retirement is lower among Swedish-speakers than among Finnish-speakers, and this cannot be attributed to socio-demographic and regional factors. Swedish-speaking males have a risk of very early retirement that is about 25 per cent lower than that of Finnish-speaking males. Among females the corresponding difference is about 15 per cent. Our results also suggest that not accounting for unobserved individual heterogeneity will bias the effect of native language downwards.

Author's Affiliation

Jan Saarela - Åbo Akademi University, Finland [Email]
Fjalar Finnäs - Åbo Akademi University, Finland [Email]

Other articles by the same author/authors in Demographic Research

» Sex composition of children, parental separation, and parity progression: Is Finland a Nordic outlier?
Volume 30 - Article 2

Most recent similar articles in Demographic Research

» Unobserved population heterogeneity: A review of formal relationships
Volume 31 - Article 22    | Keywords: unobserved heterogeneity

» Multistate event history analysis with frailty
Volume 30 - Article 58    | Keywords: unobserved heterogeneity

» Health consequences of child labour in Bangladesh
Volume 30 - Article 4    | Keywords: health

» Does nativity matter?: Correlates of immigrant health by generation in the Russian Federation
Volume 24 - Article 32    | Keywords: health

» Out of Sync? Demographic and other social science research on health conditions in developing countries
Volume 24 - Article 2    | Keywords: health