Volume 22 - Article 13 | Pages 321–346  

Can public policies sustain fertility in the Nordic countries?: Lessons from the past and questions for the future

By Marit Rønsen, Kari Skrede


The collective evidence of past research indicates that Nordic social welfare policies have had positive impacts on fertility. Yet, some patterns cause concern. One concern is that the good recuperation at cohort level partly is explained by relatively high fertility levels among women educated for female-dominated jobs with extensive part-time work. One may therefore question whether the present development is compatible with gender equality. Another concern is a more socially selective entry into fatherhood. Based on updated analyses of female as well as male fertility trends in Norway we address these issues, focussing especially on associations with educational level and field.

Author's Affiliation

Other articles by the same author/authors in Demographic Research

Cohort fertility patterns in the Nordic countries
Volume 20 - Article 14

Fertility and family policy in Norway - A reflection on trends and possible connections
Volume 10 - Article 10

Fertility and Public Policies - Evidence from Norway and Finland
Volume 10 - Article 6

Most recent similar articles in Demographic Research

The big decline: Lowest-low fertility in Uruguay (2016–2021)
Volume 50 - Article 16    | Keywords: adolescent fertility, birth order, fertility, Latin America, ultra-low fertility, Uruguay

Cohort fertility of immigrants to Israel from the former Soviet Union
Volume 50 - Article 13    | Keywords: age at first birth, assimilation, cohort analysis, fertility, immigration, parity, religiosity

Fertility decline, changes in age structure, and the potential for demographic dividends: A global analysis
Volume 50 - Article 9    | Keywords: age structure, demographic dividend, demographic transition, fertility, migration, population momentum, working-age population

Analyzing hyperstable population models
Volume 49 - Article 37    | Keywords: birth trajectory, cohort analysis, cyclical populations, dynamic population model, fertility, hyperstable, period

Attitudes toward work and parenthood following family-building transitions in Sweden: Identifying differences by gender and education
Volume 49 - Article 30    | Keywords: educational inequality, family-building transitions, gender equality, parenthood attitudes, work attitudes