Volume 23 - Article 33 | Pages 933–962  

Beyond the local marriage market : The influence of modernization on geographical heterogamy

By Ineke Maas, Richard Zijdeman

This article is part of the Special Collection 10 "Social Mobility and Demographic Behaviour: A Long-Term Perspective"


This study examines whether the increase of geographical heterogamy in the nineteenth and early twentieth century is related to modernization. Specifically, we test whether mass communication and mass transport enhanced the likelihood of a geographically heterogamous marriage as well as the distance over which heterogamous marriages took place. Furthermore, we study whether modernization decreased the relationship between social background and geographical heterogamy. We employ individual and municipality level data of some 30,000 marriages in over 40 municipalities in the Dutch province Overijssel between 1823 and 1922. The results from our multi-level analyses suggest that mass communication was more important than mass transport.

Author's Affiliation

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