Volume 32 - Article 45 | Pages 1239–1266  

One-person households in India

By Premchand Dommaraju

This article is part of the Special Collection 15 "Living Alone: One-person households in Asia"


Objective: The objectives of this article are: 1) to estimate the prevalence of one-person households in India; 2) to examine the demographic, social and economic characteristics of these households, and 3) to analyse the determinants of one-person households.

Methods: Data from the Indian censuses are used to gauge the prevalence of one-person households. In addition, data from the third round of District Level Household and Facility Survey (DLHS-3), a large and nationally representative data, are used to examine the characteristics of one-person households and to estimate the odds of staying in such households.

Results: The prevalence of one-person households in India is low compared to that in other parts of Asia. While the prevalence of OPH is low, the number of such households is large, and expected to grow in the next few decades. The results presented reveal important social, economic and demographic differences between one-person and multi-person households. Elderly females and young migrants who live alone are potential vulnerable groups. The results are situated within the socio-cultural and demographic contexts of India.

Author's Affiliation

Most recent similar articles in Demographic Research

Near-universal marriage, early childbearing, and low fertility: India’s alternative fertility transition
Volume 48 - Article 34    | Keywords: age at birth, fertility transition, India, low fertility, sterilisation

The gender gap in schooling outcomes: A cohort study of young men and women in India
Volume 48 - Article 33    | Keywords: cohort studies, educational attainment, gender, India, secondary education

Spatial heterogeneity in son preference across India’s 640 districts: An application of small-area estimation
Volume 47 - Article 26    | Keywords: census, India, model-based small-area estimation, National Family Health Surveys (NFHS), son preference

Can status exchanges explain educational hypogamy in India?
Volume 46 - Article 28    | Keywords: bargaining, couple formation, India, intercaste marriages, interoccupation marriages, status exchange, women's education

Socioeconomic development and young adults’ propensity of living in one-person households: Compositional and contextual effects
Volume 44 - Article 11    | Keywords: Asians, family, household structure, living alone, living arrangements, one-person households

Cited References: 68

Download to Citation Manager

Article ID