Volume 33 - Article 32 | Pages 939–950  

Residential mobility in early childhood: Household and neighborhood characteristics of movers and non-movers

By Elizabeth M. Lawrence, Elisabeth Root, Stefanie Mollborn


Background: Understanding residential mobility in early childhood is important for contextualizing influences on child health and well-being.

Objective: This study describes individual, household, and neighborhood characteristics associated with residential mobility for children aged 0-5.

Methods: We examined longitudinal data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Birth Cohort (ECLS-B), a nationally representative sample of children born in 2001. Frequencies described the prevalence of characteristics for four waves of data and adjusted Wald tests compared means.

Results: Moving was common for these families with young children, as nearly three-quarters of children moved at least once. Movers transitioned to neighborhoods with residents of higher socioeconomic status but experienced no improved household socioeconomic position relative to non-movers.

Conclusions: Both the high prevalence and unique implications of early childhood residential mobility suggest the need for further research.

Author's Affiliation

Other articles by the same author/authors in Demographic Research

Greater mortality variability in the United States in comparison with peer countries
Volume 42 - Article 36

The persistent southern disadvantage in US early life mortality, 1965‒2014
Volume 42 - Article 11

A longitudinal examination of US teen childbearing and smoking risk
Volume 38 - Article 24

Most recent similar articles in Demographic Research

Racial classification as a multistate process
Volume 50 - Article 17    | Keywords: Brazil, demography, increments to life, life expectancy, life table, mortality, multistate, race/ethnicity

Religious affiliation and child mortality in Ireland: A country-wide analysis based on the 1911 Census
Volume 50 - Article 14    | Keywords: child mortality, indirect estimation methods, Ireland, literacy, OLS regressions, place of residence, religious affiliation, socioeconomic status

Ageing and diversity: Inequalities in longevity and health in low-mortality countries
Volume 50 - Article 12    | Keywords: aging, health, lifespan inequality, longevity, old-age threshold, regional differences, socioeconomic status

Black–white intermarriage in global perspective
Volume 49 - Article 28    | Keywords: endogamy, ethnicity, intermarriage, modernization, race/ethnicity

Separation as an accelerator of housing inequalities: Parents’ and children’s post-separation housing careers in Sweden
Volume 49 - Article 4    | Keywords: divorce, family, housing, income inequality, neighborhood, parental separation, residential mobility, stratification