Volume 33 - Article 36 | Pages 1035–1046  

The effects of wealth, occupation, and immigration on epidemic mortality from selected infectious diseases and epidemics in Holyoke township, Massachusetts, 1850−1912

By Susan Hautaniemi Leonard, Christopher Robinson, Alan C. Swedlund, Douglas Anderton

Abstract

Background: Previous research suggests individual-level socioeconomic circumstances and resources may be especially salient influences on mortality within the broader context of social, economic, and environmental factors affecting urban 19th century mortality.

Objective: We sought to test individual-level socioeconomic effects on mortality from infectious and often epidemic diseases in the context of an emerging New England industrial mill town.

Methods: We analyze mortality data from comprehensive death records and a sample of death records linked to census data, for an emergent industrial New England town, to analyze infectious mortality and model socioeconomic effects using Poisson rate regression.

Results: Despite our expectations that individual resources might be especially salient in the harsh mortality setting of a crowded, rapidly growing, emergent, industrial mill town with high levels of impoverishment, infectious mortality was not significantly lowered by individual socio-economic status or resources.

Author's Affiliation

Most recent similar articles in Demographic Research

Reducing uncertainty in Delphi surveys: A case study on immigration to the EU
Volume 49 - Article 36    | Keywords: European Union, immigration, international migration, migration flows

Legal status and health disparities: An examination of health insurance coverage among the foreign-born
Volume 47 - Article 16    | Keywords: health insurance, immigration, imputation, legal status

Multiple (il)legal pathways: The diversity of immigrants' legal trajectories in Belgium
Volume 47 - Article 10    | Keywords: Belgium, immigration, integration, legal status, population register, sequence analysis, trajectories

Epilocal: A real-time tool for local epidemic monitoring
Volume 44 - Article 12    | Keywords: COVID-19, modelling, pandemic, Poisson regression

Family changes and residential mobility among immigrant and native-born populations: Evidence from Swiss administrative data
Volume 43 - Article 41    | Keywords: family transitions, immigration, life course, residential mobility