Volume 35 - Article 12 | Pages 315–338  

Trends in the completeness of birth registration in Nigeria: 2002-2010

By Olusesan Makinde, Bolanle Olapeju, Osondu Ogbuoji, Stella Babalola


Background: Nigeria is a signatory to the Convention on the Rights of the Child, which identifies birth registration as a child’s right. However, it is unclear how much progress has been made toward attaining universal birth registration in the country.

Methods: This paper reports findings from a secondary analysis of data from the 2007 and 2011 UNICEF Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey in Nigeria. Trends in birth registration completeness based on year of birth of children and age at survey were computed, tabulated, and graphed.

Results: Birth registration completeness was 31.5% and 41.5% in 2007 and 2011 respectively. Children had better odds of registration across Nigeria in 2011 than in 2007 (OR 1.79, 95% CI 1.59-2.01), except in the North East geopolitical zone (OR 0.76, 95% CI 0.55-1.07). Likewise, older children had better odds of registration than those aged less than one year. Female children had worse chances of registration than their male counterparts (OR 0.92, 95% CI 0.85-0.99).

Conclusions: Birth registration improved in 2011 over 2007 across Nigeria except in the North East region. However, much still needs to be done to achieve universal birth registration. Birth registration appears to still be influenced by the gender and age of the child. Designing and implementing a strategic communication program to educate the population about the processes and benefits of early birth registration may further improve birth registration.

Contribution: This paper provides a rigorous assessment of the progress made toward universal birth registration, which has not been previously demonstrated.

Author's Affiliation

Other articles by the same author/authors in Demographic Research

Factors explaining the North–South differentials in contraceptive use in Nigeria: A nonlinear decomposition analysis
Volume 38 - Article 12

Ideation and intention to use contraceptives in Kenya and Nigeria
Volume 33 - Article 8

Most recent similar articles in Demographic Research

Open science practices in demographic research: An appraisal
Volume 50 - Article 43    | Keywords: demography, open access data, population studies, replicability, reproducibility

Racial classification as a multistate process
Volume 50 - Article 17    | Keywords: Brazil, demography, increments to life, life expectancy, life table, mortality, multistate, race/ethnicity

Changes in birth seasonality in Spain: Data from 1863–1870 and 1900–2021
Volume 49 - Article 35    | Keywords: Box-Jenkins method, Cosinor analysis, Fourier analysis, season of birth, seasonality, time series, vital statistics

Point estimation of certain measures in organizational demography using variable-r methods
Volume 49 - Article 33    | Keywords: job insecurity, job stability, labor, trends, variable-r method

Estimation of confidence intervals for decompositions and other complex demographic estimators
Volume 49 - Article 5    | Keywords: bootstrap, confidence interval, decomposition, demography, Monte-Carlo simulation, standard error