Volume 36 - Article 40 | Pages 1185–1208  

Changes in economic activity: The role of age and education

By Elke Loichinger, Alexia Prskawetz

References

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Burtless, G. (2013). Can educational attainment explain the rise in labor force participation at older ages? Chestnut Hill: Center for Retirement Research at Boston College (Issue in Brief, 13-13).

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Canudas Romo, V. (2003). Decomposition Methods in Demography. [PhD Thesis]. Groningen: Rijksuniversiteit Groningen, Population Studies.

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Carone, G. (2005). Long-term labour force projections for the 25 EU member states: A set of data for assessing the economic impact of ageing. Brussels: European Commission, Directorate-General for Economic and Financial Affairs (Economic Papers Nr. 235).

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Christiansen, L., Lin, H., Pereira, J., Topalova, P., and Turk, R. (2016). Individual choice or policies? Drivers of female employment in Europe. Washington, D.C.: International Monetary Fund (IMF Working Paper, European Department WP/16/49).

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Esping-Andersen, G. (1990). The three worlds of welfare capitalism. New Jersey: Princeton University Press.

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Heckman, J.J. and Jacobs, B. (2010). Policies to create and destroy human capital in Europe. Cambridge: National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER Working Paper No. 15742).

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ILO (International Labour Organization) (1982). Resolution concerning statistics of the economically active population, employment, unemployment and underemployment. Paper presented at the Thirteenth International Conference of Labour Statisticians, Geneva, October 1982.

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Loichinger, E. (2015). Labor force projections up to 2053 for 26 EU countries by age, sex, and highest level of educational attainment. Demographic Research 32(15): 443–486.

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OECD (2013). Education at a glance 2013: OECD indicators. Paris: OECD Publishing.

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Pissarides, C., Garibaldi, P., Olivetti, C., Petrongolo, B., and Wasmer, E. (2005). Women in the labour force: How well is Europe doing? In: Boeri, T., Del Boca, D., and Pissarides, C. (eds.). Women at work: An economic perspective. Oxford: Oxford University Press: 7–120.

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Prskawetz, A., Zagaglia, B., Fent, T., and Skirbekk, V. (2005). Decomposing the change in labour force indicators over time. Demographic Research 13(7): 163–188.

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Vaupel, J.W. and Canudas Romo, V. (2002). Decomposing demographic change into direct vs. compositional components. Demographic Research 7(1): 1–14.

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