Volume 47 - Article 33 | Pages 1019–1032  

The COVID-19 pandemic’s unequal socioeconomic impacts on minority groups in the United States

By Weiwei Zhang, Deepthi Kolady

References

Abrams, E.M. and Szefler, S.J. (2020). COVID-19 and the impact of social determinants of health. The Lancet Respiratory Medicine 8(7): 659–661.

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Arias, E., Tejada-Vera, B., Kochanek, K.D., and Ahmad, F.B. (2022). Provisional life expectancy estimates for 2021. Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics, Vital Statistics Rapid Release (23).

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Cai, J.Y., Fremstad, S., and Kalkat, S. (2021). Housing insecurity by race and place during the pandemic. Center for Economic and Policy Research.

Coleman-Jensen, A., Rabbitt, M.P., Gregory, C.A., and Singh, A. (2019). Household food security in the United States in 2018, ERR-270, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.

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Coleman-Jensen, A., Rabbitt, M.P., Gregory, C.A., and Singh, A. (2022). Household food security in the United States in 2021, ERR-309, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.

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Coley, R.L. and Baum, C.F. (2021). Trends in mental health symptoms, service use, and unmet need for services among US adults through the first 9 months of the COVID-19 pandemic. Translational Behavioral Medicine 11(10): 1947–1956.

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Fields, J., Hunter-Childs, J., Tersine, A., Sisson, J., Parker, E., Velkoff, V., Logan, C., and Shin, H. (2020). Design and operation of the 2020 Household Pulse Survey. U.S. Census Bureau.

Fitzpatrick, K.M., Harris, C., Drawve, G., and Willis, D.E. (2021). Assessing food insecurity among US adults during the COVID-19 pandemic. Journal of Hunger and Environmental Nutrition 16(1): 1–18.

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McKnight-Eily, L.R., Okoro, C.A., Strine, T.W., Verlenden, J., Hollis, N.D., Njai, R., Mitchell, E.W., Board, A., Puddy, R., and Thomas, C. (2021). Racial and ethnic disparities in the prevalence of stress and worry, mental health conditions, and increased substance use among adults during the COVID-19 pandemic – United States. April and May 70(5): 162–166.

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Millett, G.A., Jones, A.T., Benkeser, D., Baral, S., Mercer, L., Beyrer, C., Honermann, B., Lankiewicz, E., Leandro, M., Crowley, J.S., Sherwood, J., and Sullivan, P.S. (2020). Assessing differential impacts of COVID-19 on black communities. Annals of Epidemiology 47: 37–44.

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Perry, B.L., Aronson, B., and Pescosolido, B.A. (2021). Pandemic precarity: COVID-19 is exposing and exacerbating inequalities in the American heartland. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 118(8).

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U.S. Census Bureau (2020). Household Pulse Survey: Measuring Social and Economic Impacts during the Coronavirus Pandemic. Washington, DC.

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