Special Collection 3 - Article 8 | Pages 177–212

Women’s Labor Force Attachment and Childbearing in Finland

By Andres Vikat

Print this page  Facebook  Twitter


Date received:04 Dec 2003
Date published:17 Apr 2004
Word count:8287
Keywords:education, employment, family policy, fertility, fertility determinants, Finland, unemployment


This paper analyzes the impact of women’s economic activity, earnings and take-up of child home care allowance on childbearing, using a ten percent sample from a longitudinal register data set that covers the entire female population of reproductive age in Finland in 1988-2000. Results show that a woman’s economic activity and income were positively correlated with entry into motherhood and to a lesser extent with having a second child. This supports the notion of a common pattern of this relationship in the Nordic countries. In the light of Finland’s rollercoaster economic development in the 1990s, the effects of a change in female population composition by economic characteristics on the fertility trend were small.

Author's Affiliation

Andres Vikat - United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE), Switzerland [Email]

Other articles by the same author/authors in Demographic Research

» Cohort fertility patterns in the Nordic countries
Volume 20 - Article 14

» Fertility differences by housing type: The effect of housing conditions or of selective moves?
Volume 17 - Article 26

» Generations and Gender Survey (GGS): Towards a better understanding of relationships and processes in the life course
Volume 17 - Article 14

» Understanding parental gender preferences in advanced societies: Lessons from Sweden and Finland
Volume 17 - Article 6

» Pathways to stepfamily formation in Europe: Results from the FFS
Volume 8 - Article 5

Most recent similar articles in Demographic Research

» Economic Uncertainty and Family Dynamics in Europe: Introduction
Volume 27 - Article 28    | Keywords: employment, fertility, unemployment

» The contribution of increases in family benefits to Australia’s early 21st-century fertility increase: An empirical analysis
Volume 25 - Article 6    | Keywords: education, family policy, fertility

» Adolescent childbearing in sub-Saharan Africa: Can increased schooling alone raise ages at first birth?
Volume 8 - Article 4    | Keywords: education, fertility, fertility determinants

» A register-based account of period trends in union prevalence, entries, and exits by educational level for men and women in Finland
Volume 48 - Article 14    | Keywords: education, Finland

» Women's economic empowerment in sub-Saharan Africa: Evidence from cross-national population data
Volume 47 - Article 15    | Keywords: education, employment

Special Collections

»Special Collection 3




Similar Articles



Jump to Article

Volume Page
Volume Article ID