Volume 22 - Article 13 | Pages 321–346
Can public policies sustain fertility in the Nordic countries?: Lessons from the past and questions for the future
|Date received:||15 Jul 2009|
|Date published:||09 Mar 2010|
|Keywords:||female fertility, fertility, gender equality, male fertility, public policy|
The collective evidence of past research indicates that Nordic social welfare policies have had positive impacts on fertility. Yet, some patterns cause concern. One concern is that the good recuperation at cohort level partly is explained by relatively high fertility levels among women educated for female-dominated jobs with extensive part-time work. One may therefore question whether the present development is compatible with gender equality. Another concern is a more socially selective entry into fatherhood. Based on updated analyses of female as well as male fertility trends in Norway we address these issues, focussing especially on associations with educational level and field.
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