Volume 22 - Article 23 | Pages 691–732

Mortality in the Caucasus: An attempt to re-estimate recent mortality trends in Armenia and Georgia

By Géraldine Duthé, Irina Badurashvili, Karine Kuyumjyan, France Meslé, Jacques Vallin

Print this page  Facebook  Twitter


Date received:24 Jul 2009
Date published:23 Apr 2010
Word count:5730
Keywords:administrative data, Armenia, estimation, Georgia, life expectancy, mortality, reliability, survey data


With the collapse of the Soviet Union, Caucasian countries experienced remarkable migration flows, political conflicts, and deterioration of civil registration systems. The reassessment of Armenian and Georgian population after censuses carried out in the early 2000s enables to re-estimate recent mortality levels in both countries. Vital statistics since the 1980s are presented and discussed. Infant mortality is corrected according to sample surveys, and mortality above age 60 estimated through model life tables. On the basis of these estimates, trends in life expectancy were similar in the two countries, unfavourable during the 1990s, especially for males for whom the health progress, notably in Georgia, is still low.

Author's Affiliation

Géraldine Duthé - Institut National d'Études Démographiques (INED), France [Email]
Irina Badurashvili - Georgian Centre of Population Research (GCPR), Georgia [Email]
Karine Kuyumjyan - National Statistical Service of the Republic of Armenia, Armenia [Email]
France Meslé - Institut National d'Études Démographiques (INED), France [Email]
Jacques Vallin - Institut National d'Études Démographiques (INED), France [Email]

Other articles by the same author/authors in Demographic Research

» Estimating mortality from census data: A record-linkage study of the Nouna Health and Demographic Surveillance System in Burkina Faso
Volume 46 - Article 22

» Estimating mortality from external causes using data from retrospective surveys: A validation study in Niakhar (Senegal)
Volume 38 - Article 32

» Adult mortality patterns in the former Soviet Union’s southern tier: Armenia and Georgia in comparative perspective
Volume 36 - Article 19

» Revisiting the mortality of France and Italy with the multiple-cause-of-death approach
Volume 23 - Article 28

» Adult mortality in a rural area of Senegal: Non-communicable diseases have a large impact in Mlomp
Volume 19 - Article 37

» Geographical diversity of cause-of-death patterns and trends in Russia
Volume 12 - Article 13

» Life expectancy in two Caucasian countries. How much due to overestimated population?
Volume 5 - Article 7

» Convergences and divergences in mortality: A new approach of health transition
Special Collection 2 - Article 2

» Mortality in Central and Eastern Europe: Long-term trends and recent upturns
Special Collection 2 - Article 3

Most recent similar articles in Demographic Research

» Life expectancy in two Caucasian countries. How much due to overestimated population?
Volume 5 - Article 7    | Keywords: Armenia, Georgia, mortality

» Life expectancy loss among Native Americans during the COVID-19 pandemic
Volume 47 - Article 9    | Keywords: life expectancy, mortality

» Berkeley Unified Numident Mortality Database: Public administrative records for individual-level mortality research
Volume 47 - Article 5    | Keywords: administrative data, mortality

» The contribution of smoking-attributable mortality to differences in mortality and life expectancy among US African-American and white adults, 2000–2019
Volume 46 - Article 31    | Keywords: life expectancy, mortality

» Mexican mortality 1990‒2016: Comparison of unadjusted and adjusted estimates
Volume 44 - Article 30    | Keywords: life expectancy, mortality