Volume 26 - Article 19 | Pages 489–510
Changes in educational differentials in old-age mortality in Finland and Sweden between 1971-1975 and 1996-2000
|Date received:||15 Aug 2011|
|Date published:||30 May 2012|
|Keywords:||differential mortality, education, Finland, inequality measures, life span disparity, old age mortality, Sweden|
Background: The majority of the studies on developed countries confirm that socioeconomic mortality inequalities have been persisting or even widening. It has also been suggested that inequalities have been becoming increasingly important for old ages.
Objective: In this study we systematically assess the direction and magnitude of changes in mortality differences at old ages in Sweden and Finland over the period 1971 to 2000.
Methods: The vast majority of the findings on mortality differentials rely on life table or aggregated mortality measures. However, conventional mean lifespan (life expectancy) hides important characteristics of the distribution of lifespan. Modal age at death and measures of disparity provide additional important insights on longevity, especially when focusing on mortality and survival at old ages. In this paper we use high quality census-linked data and both conventional life expectancy and distribution of life span measures.
Results: We found that the educational gap in life expectancy at age 65 and the total amount of mortality inequality by education, as reflected by average inter-group difference, increased in both countries. With the exception of Swedish females, the corresponding gap in modal age at death decreased.
Conclusions: Although the results suggest that the life expectancy gap is largely explained by differential mortality due to cardiovascular system diseases, the role of other causes of death (especially cancers) has also increased.
Virginia Zarulli - Syddansk Universitet, Denmark
Domantas Jasilionis - Max-Planck-Institut für Demografische Forschung, Germany
Dmitri Jdanov - Max-Planck-Institut für Demografische Forschung, Germany
Other articles by the same author/authors in Demographic Research
Divergent trends in lifespan variation during mortality crises
Volume 46 - Article 11
Onset of the old-age gender gap in survival
Volume 42 - Article 25
Socio-economic determinants of divorce in Lithuania: Evidence from register-based census-linked data
Volume 33 - Article 30
Explaining the rural-urban gap in infant mortality in India
Volume 29 - Article 18
Estimates of mortality and population changes in England and Wales over the two World Wars
Volume 13 - Article 16
Official population statistics and the Human Mortality Database estimates of populations aged 80+ in Germany and nine other European countries
Volume 13 - Article 14
Most recent similar articles in Demographic Research
A register-based account of period trends in union prevalence, entries, and exits by educational level for men and women in Finland
Volume 48 - Article 14 | Keywords: education, Finland
Are there gender differences in family trajectories by education in Finland?
Volume 33 - Article 44 | Keywords: education, Finland
Old age, health and social inequality: Exploring the social patterns of mortality in 19th century northern Sweden
Volume 26 - Article 23 | Keywords: old age mortality, Sweden
Gender differences in social mortality differentials in Switzerland (1990-2005)
Volume 25 - Article 8 | Keywords: differential mortality, education
Family life in power couples.: Continued childbearing and union stability among the educational elite in Sweden, 1991–2005
Volume 23 - Article 30 | Keywords: education, Sweden
Cited References: 40
»View the references of this article
Download to Citation Manager
»Articles by Domantas Jasilionis
»Articles by Domantas Jasilionis