Volume 32 - Article 52 | Pages 1421–1434

TFR for males in Denmark: Calculation and tempo-correction

By Francisca Nordfalk, Ulla A. Hvidtfeldt, Niels Keiding

Print this page  Facebook  Twitter


Date received:26 Jun 2014
Date published:05 Jun 2015
Word count:2431
Keywords:fertility, fertility trends, male fertility


Background: Studies of trends and tempo corrections of fertility have focused on female rather than male fertility; one reason being that the necessary detailed data are more widely available for mothers than for fathers.

Objective: The objective is to present a demographic overview of the fertility trends of Danish men and women from 1980 to 2010. We review the differences in male and female fertility and perform separate tempo corrections for fathers and mothers.

Methods: The material for this study consisted of basic data on male and female fertility. The data included all children born in the period, specified by birth year of the child and age and parity of the mother and father, respectively. We used standard demographic measurements of fertility, primarily the total fertility rate (TFR) and the tempo-corrections as proposed by Bongaarts and Feeney (1998).

Results: The female fertility rates were generally higher than those for males, but the TFRs of both Danish men and women generally increased over the period. The unadjusted and the adjusted fertility rates had similar patterns for men and women. A negative tempo-effect was more evident for women than for men, and a vanishing effect for men at the end of the period was not similarly observed for women.

Conclusions: We have exemplified tempo corrections for male as well as female fertility, and have discussed specific problems in this context. Our study indicates that the postponement of childbearing is about to end for Danish men.

Author's Affiliation

Francisca Nordfalk - Københavns Universitet, Denmark [Email]
Ulla A. Hvidtfeldt - Københavns Universitet, Denmark [Email]
Niels Keiding - Københavns Universitet, Denmark [Email]

Other articles by the same author/authors in Demographic Research

» Cause-specific measures of life years lost
Volume 29 - Article 41

» Rates of induced abortion in Denmark according to age, previous births and previous abortions
Volume 21 - Article 22

» Biological and sociological interpretations of age-adjustment in studies of higher order birth rates
Volume 19 - Article 31

» Education and second birth rates in Denmark 1981-1994
Volume 17 - Article 8

» Modelling regional variation of first-time births in Denmark 1980-1994 by an age-period-cohort model
Volume 13 - Article 23

Most recent similar articles in Demographic Research

» Estimating male fertility in eastern and western Germany since 1991: A new lowest low?
Volume 35 - Article 53    | Keywords: fertility, male fertility

» Can public policies sustain fertility in the Nordic countries?: Lessons from the past and questions for the future
Volume 22 - Article 13    | Keywords: fertility, male fertility

» Religious affiliation, religiosity, and male and female fertility
Volume 18 - Article 8    | Keywords: fertility, male fertility

» Social differentials in speed-premium effects in childbearing in Sweden
Volume 14 - Article 4    | Keywords: fertility, fertility trends

» Demographic trends in Sweden: An update of childbearing and nuptiality up to 2002
Volume 11 - Article 4    | Keywords: fertility, fertility trends