Volume 33 - Article 36 | Pages 1035–1046
The effects of wealth, occupation, and immigration on epidemic mortality from selected infectious diseases and epidemics in Holyoke township, Massachusetts, 1850−1912
|Date received:||21 Apr 2015|
|Date published:||12 Nov 2015|
|Keywords:||epidemic mortality, immigration, industrial town, New England, Poisson regression, socioeconomic effects|
|Additional files:||readme.33-36 (text file, 1 kB)|
|demographic-research.33-36 (zip file, 473 kB)|
Background: Previous research suggests individual-level socioeconomic circumstances and resources may be especially salient influences on mortality within the broader context of social, economic, and environmental factors affecting urban 19th century mortality.
Objective: We sought to test individual-level socioeconomic effects on mortality from infectious and often epidemic diseases in the context of an emerging New England industrial mill town.
Methods: We analyze mortality data from comprehensive death records and a sample of death records linked to census data, for an emergent industrial New England town, to analyze infectious mortality and model socioeconomic effects using Poisson rate regression.
Results: Despite our expectations that individual resources might be especially salient in the harsh mortality setting of a crowded, rapidly growing, emergent, industrial mill town with high levels of impoverishment, infectious mortality was not significantly lowered by individual socio-economic status or resources.
Susan Hautaniemi Leonard - University of Michigan, United States of America
Christopher Robinson - University of South Carolina, United States of America
Alan C. Swedlund - University of Massachusetts Amherst, United States of America
Douglas Anderton - University of South Carolina, United States of America
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