Volume 33 - Article 5 | Pages 113–144
Patterns and selectivities of urban/rural migration in Israel
|Date received:||01 Mar 2014|
|Date published:||14 Jul 2015|
|Keywords:||2008 Census, descriptive analysis, Israel, Jews, logistic regression, migration, non-Jews, rural areas, urban areas|
Background: Movement from one type of area to another attests to factors of distance, socioeconomic barriers, and heterogeneity. Movement between two localities of one type entails fewer and different types of changes.
Objective: We examine urban-rural migration in Israel, a country that has experienced extensive development outside of its major cities.
Methods: We first describe and compare the urban and rural migration patterns of Jews and non-Jews. However, due to the small number of non-Jewish migrants in the 2008 census data set, the explanatory analysis focuses solely on Jews, probing the characteristics of migrants and non-migrants and differentiating among the former by whether migration is between urban and rural places, or among urban or rural areas.
Results: Examination of migration over five years points to a strong tendency to change residence, often involving a change of residence type. Urban-rural migration emphasizes the importance of specific individual characteristics and reflects the impact of life course and sociodemographic characteristics. We found a favorable sociodemographic profile of persons who leave the city for rural places, and a somewhat less favorable profile of people who are likely to move in the opposite direction. Migrants who move within settlement types are also somewhat more highly selected than persons moving toward cities.
Conclusions: Urban-rural population exchanges among Jews in Israel, while generally in accord with studies in other countries, tend to be less definite with respect to educational attainment and age.
Comments: Regardless of these differences, urban-rural exchanges of Jewish population in Israel are not a random process.
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