Volume 37 - Article 1 | Pages 1–12
Fertility change in the American Indian and Alaska Native population, 1980–2010
|Date received:||18 Jan 2017|
|Date published:||04 Jul 2017|
|Keywords:||Alaska Natives, American Indian, census, fertility, total fertility rate (TFR), United States|
|Additional files:||readme.37-1 (text file, 1 kB)|
|demographic-research.37-1 (zip file, 281 MB)|
Background: Since 1990, Vital Statistics reports show a dramatic decline in the total fertility rates (TFRs) of American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) women in the United States.
Objective: We study whether the decrease in TFRs is due to a real change in fertility for a stable population; a compositional change in who identifies as AI/AN; or a methodological issue stemming from differences in identifying race across the data systems used to calculate fertility rates.
Methods: We use data from the decennial US Census to study change in AI/AN fertility from 1980–2010.
Results: We find declining TFRs when fertility is calculated within a single data system. Additionally, although TFRs are relatively stable within the subgroups of married and unmarried AI/AN women, the proportion of AI/AN women who are married has declined across birth cohorts.
Conclusions: The decrease in TFRs for AI/AN women is a real change in fertility patterns and is not due to differences in racial identification across data systems.
Contribution: We update knowledge of AI/AN fertility to include the decline in TFRs between 1980 and 2010.
Most recent similar articles in Demographic Research