Volume 38 - Article 48 | Pages 1457–1494
Mixed marriages in Switzerland: A test of the segmented assimilation hypothesis
|Date received:||01 Feb 2017|
|Date published:||24 Apr 2018|
|Keywords:||cultural distance, divorce, immigrants, marriage, mixed marriage, segmented assimilation, Switzerland|
Background: Switzerland hosts one of the largest and most diversified migrant populations in Europe, while currently reinforcing restrictive immigration policies. Knowledge on Swiss immigrant-native marriages, as ultimate signposts of integration, is limited.
Objective: We explore the role of origin group and birth cohort in the emergence and dissolution of mixed marriages in Switzerland among both natives and immigrants.
Methods: Based on a sample of 12,827 respondents from the 2013 Swiss Family and Generations Survey, we fit competing-risks models for entry into first marriage, and Cox proportional hazards models for entry into (first) divorce.
Results: We find evidence of a segmented marriage market, with migrants from neighbouring Western European countries having higher chances of getting and staying married to a Swiss native. As opposed to natives, migrants from younger cohorts are progressively less likely to intermarry.
Conclusions: In line with segmented assimilation claims, results suggest differences in integration pathways between immigrant groups. Findings also point to the reactive ethnicity of marginalized groups (e.g., Turks and ex-Yugoslavs) in response to an increasingly hostile immigration climate. Decreasing (inter)marriage with natives among young immigrants reflects shifting marriage market conditions over the last decades.
Contribution: Drawing on rich data, we provide an extensive investigation of intermarriage in Switzerland by examining outcomes of both occurrence and longevity, for both native and immigrant groups. The study focuses on a context with significant recent transformations in population composition and immigration climate, making it compelling to test integration theories and investigate how different groups, as well as younger (versus older) cohorts, intermarry in reaction to such changes.
Gina Potarca - Université de Genève, Switzerland
Laura Bernardi - Université de Lausanne, Switzerland
Other articles by the same author/authors in Demographic Research
Co-ethnic marriage versus intermarriage among immigrants
and their descendants: A comparison across seven European countries using event-history analysis
Volume 39 - Article 17
First and second births among immigrants and their descendants in Switzerland
Volume 38 - Article 11
Exploring social norms around cohabitation: The life course, individualization, and culture: Introduction to Special Collection: "Focus on Partnerships: Discourses on cohabitation and marriage throughout Europe and Australia"
Volume 33 - Article 25
Social networks and fertility
Volume 30 - Article 22
Preface to the Rostock Debate on Demographic Change
Volume 24 - Article 6
The anthropological demography of Europe
Volume 17 - Article 18
Meanings and attitudes attached to cohabitation in Poland: Qualitative analyses of the slow diffusion of cohabitation among the young generation
Volume 16 - Article 17
Most recent similar articles in Demographic Research
Introduction to research on immigrant and ethnic minority families in Europe
Volume 35 - Article 2 | Keywords: divorce, immigrants, marriage
Partnership formation and dissolution among immigrants in the Spanish context
Volume 35 - Article 1 | Keywords: divorce, immigrants, marriage
Union formation and dissolution among immigrants and their descendants in the United Kingdom
Volume 33 - Article 10 | Keywords: divorce, immigrants, marriage
Marriage and divorce of immigrants and descendants of immigrants in Sweden
Volume 33 - Article 2 | Keywords: divorce, immigrants, marriage
A register-based account of period trends in union prevalence, entries, and exits by educational level for men and women in Finland
Volume 48 - Article 14 | Keywords: divorce, marriage
Cited References: 83
»View the references of this article
Download to Citation Manager