Volume 38 - Article 56 | Pages 1699–1732

Cohort fertility and educational expansion in the Czech Republic during the 20th century

By Krystof Zeman

Print this page  

 

References

Andersson, G., Rønsen, M., Knudsen, L.B., Lappegård, T., Neyer, G., Skrede, K., Teschner, K., and Vikat, A. (2009). Cohort fertility patterns in the Nordic countries. Demographic Research 20(14): 313–352.

Weblink doi:10.4054/DemRes.2009.20.14
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Bartoňová, D. (2007). Vzestup úrovně vzdělání podle dat sčítání lidu 1961–2001 v České republice [The rise in educational levels according to census data from 1961–2001 in the Czech Republic]. Demografie 49(1): 25–40.

Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Becker, G.S. (1960). An economic analysis of fertility. In: NBER (ed.). Demographic and economic change in developed countries. Princeton: National Bureau of Economic Research: 209–240.

Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Becker, G.S. (1981). A treatise on the family. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Berrington, A., Stone, J., and Beaujouan, É. (2015). Educational differences in timing and quantum of childbearing in Britain: A study of cohorts born 1940–1969. Demographic Research 33(26): 733–764.

Weblink doi:10.4054/DemRes.2015.33.26
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Blossfeld, H.-P. and Huinink, J. (1991). Human capital investments or norms of role transition? How women’s schooling and career affect the process of family formation. American Journal of Sociology 97(1): 143–168.

Weblink doi:10.1086/229743
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Breschi, M., Fornasin, A., and Manfredini, M. (2013). Patterns of reproductive behavior in transitional Italy: The rediscovery of the Italian fertility survey of 1961. Demographic Research 29(44): 1227–1260.

Weblink doi:10.4054/DemRes.2013.29.44
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Brzozowska, Z. (2014). Fertility and education in Poland during state socialism. Demographic Research 31(12): 319–336.

Weblink doi:10.4054/DemRes.2014.31.12
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Brzozowska, Z. (2015). Female education and fertility under state socialism in Central and Eastern Europe. Population 70(4): 689–725.

Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

CFE (2017). Cohort fertility and education database [electronic resource]. Vienna: Vienna Institute of Demography.

Weblink http://www.cfe-database.org
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Chaloupková, J. and Mitchell, E. (2009). Návraty do zaměstnání po rodičovské dovolené: rozdíly podle rodinného uspořádání [Re-entry to work after parental leave: differences by family situation]. FÓRUM sociální politiky 3.

Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Cicali, D. and Santis, G.D. (2002). Estimating cohort fertility levels and differentials by socio-economic characteristics with the own-children method and pseudo-panels. Genus 58(2): 35–61.

Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Cleland, J. and Rodriguez, G. (1988). The effect of parental education on marital fertility in developing countries. Population Studies 42(3): 419–442.

Weblink doi:10.1080/0032472031000143566
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Cohen, J.E., Kravdal, Ø., and Keilman, N. (2001). Childbearing impeded education more than education impeded childbearing among Norwegian women. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 108(29): 11830–11835.

Weblink doi:10.1073/pnas.1107993108
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

CZSO (2016). Employment and unemployment as measured by the Labour Force Survey: Annual averages 2015. Prague: Czech Statistical Office.

Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Das Gupta, P. (1993). Standardization and decomposition of rates: A user’s manual. Washington, D.C.: US Department of Commerce, Economics and Statistics Administration, Bureau of the Census.

Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Dearing, H. (2016). Gender equality in the division of work: How to assess European leave policies regarding their compliance with an ideal leave model. Journal of European Social Policy 26(3): 234–247.

Weblink doi:10.1177/0958928716642951
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

El-Badry, M.A. (1961). Failure of enumerators to make entries of zero: Errors in recording childless cases in population censuses. Journal of the American Statistical Association 56(296): 909–924.

Weblink doi:10.1080/01621459.1961.10482134
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Esping-Andersen, G. (1999). Social foundations of postindustrial economies. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Weblink doi:10.1093/0198742002.001.0001
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Esping-Andersen, G. (2009). Incomplete revolution: Adapting welfare states to women’s new roles. Cambridge: Polity.

Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Esping-Andersen, G. and Billari, F.C. (2015). Re-theorizing family demographics. Population and Development Review 41(1): 1–31.

Weblink doi:10.1111/j.1728-4457.2015.00024.x
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Fenger, H.M. (2007). Welfare regimes in Central and Eastern Europe: Incorporating post-communist countries in a welfare regime typology. Contemporary Issues and Ideas in Social Sciences 3(2): 1–30.

Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Fialová, L. (2011). The history of the education on the territory of the Czech Republic. Demografie 53(4): 344–359.

Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Fialová, L., Pavlík, Z., and Vereš, P. (1990). Fertility decline in Czechoslovakia during the last two centuries. Population Studies 44(1): 89–106.

Weblink doi:10.1080/0032472031000144396
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Frejka, T. and Gietel-Basten, S. (2016). Fertility and family policies in Central and Eastern Europe after 1990. Comparative Population Studies 40(5): 3–56.

Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Handcock, M.S., Huovilainen, S.M., and Rendall, M.S. (2000). Combining registration-system and survey data to estimate birth probabilities. Demography 37(2): 187–192.

Weblink doi:10.2307/2648120
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Havelková, B. (2009). Gender equality under Socialism. In: Bobek, M., Molek, P., and Šimíček, V. (eds.). Communist law in Czechoslovakia: Chapters from the history of injustice. Brno: Masaryk University: 179–206.

Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Hašková, H. and Saxonberg, S. (2011). The institutional roots of post-communist family policy: Comparing the Czech and Slovak Republics. In: Krook, M.L. and Mackay, F. (eds.). Gender, politics and institutions: Towards a feminist institutionalism. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan: 112–128.

Weblink doi:10.1057/9780230303911_7
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Hoem, J.M. (1986). The impact of education on modern family-union initiation. European Journal of Population 2(2): 113–133.

Weblink doi:10.1007/BF01796886
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Hurt, L.S., Ronsmans, C., and Thomas, S.L. (2006). The effect of number of births on women’s mortality: Systematic review of the evidence for women who have completed their childbearing. Population Studies 60(1): 55–71.

Weblink doi:10.1080/00324720500436011
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

K., Zeman (2009). The link between women’s education and non-marital childbearing in the Czech Republic. Romanian Journal of Population Studies 1: 90–108.

Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Kantorová, V. (2004). Education and entry into motherhood: The Czech Republic during the state socialism and the transition period (1970–1997). Demographic Research Special Collection 3(10): 245–274.

Weblink doi:10.4054/DemRes.2004.S3.10
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Kitagawa, E.M. (1955). Components of a difference between two rates. Journal of the American Statistical Association 50(272): 1168–1194.

Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Klasen, S. and Launov, A. (2006). Analysis of the determinants of fertility decline in the Czech Republic. Journal of Population Economics 19(1): 25–54.

Weblink doi:10.1007/s00148-005-0030-2
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Klesment, M., Puur, A., Rahnu, L., and Sakkeus, L. (2014). Varying association between education and second births in Europe: Comparative analysis based on the EU-SILC data. Demographic Research 31(27): 813–860.

Weblink doi:10.4054/DemRes.2014.31.27
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Klüsener, S., Neels, K., and Kreyenfeld, M. (2013). Family policies and the Western European fertility divide: Insights from a natural experiment in Belgium. Population and Development Review 29(4): 587–610.

Weblink doi:10.1111/j.1728-4457.2013.00629.x
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Kocourková, J. (2002). Leave arrangements and childcare services in Central Europe: Policies and practices before and after the transition. Community, Work and Family 5(3): 301–318.

Weblink doi:10.1080/1366880022000041793
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Kraaykamp, G. and Nieuwbeerta, P. (2000). Parental background and lifestyle differentiation in Eastern Europe: Social, political, and cultural intergenerational transmission in five former socialist societies. Social Science Research 29(1): 92–122.

Weblink doi:10.1006/ssre.1999.0655
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Krausová, T. (2012). Quality of the 2011 Population and Housing Census. Demografie 54(4): 369–381.

Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Kravdal, Ø. (2004). An illustration of the problems caused by incomplete education histories in fertility analyses. Demographic Research Special Collection 10(3): 135–154.

Weblink doi:10.4054/DemRes.2004.S3.6
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Kravdal, Ø. and Rindfuss, R.R. (2008). Changing relationships between education and fertility: A study of women and men born 1940 to 1964. American Sociological Review 73(5): 854–873.

Weblink doi:10.1177/000312240807300508
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Kučera, M. (1994). Populace České republiky 1918–1991 [Population of the Czech Republic 1918–1991]. Prague: Czech Academy of Sciences.

Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Lam, D. and Duryea, S. (1999). Effects of schooling on fertility, labor supply, and investments in children, with evidence from Brazil. Journal of Human Resources 34(1): 160–192.

Weblink doi:10.2307/146306
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Langhamrová, J. and Fiala, T. (2003). Kolik je vlastně Romů v České Republice? [How many Romanies live actually in the Czech Republic]. Demografie 45(1): 23–32.

Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Lappegård, T. and Rønsen, M. (2005). The multifaceted impact of education on entry into motherhood. European Journal of Population 21(1): 31–49.

Weblink doi:10.1007/s10680-004-6756-9
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Lesthaeghe, R. (2014). The second demographic transition: A concise overview of its development. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 111(51): 18112–18115.

Weblink doi:10.1073/pnas.1420441111
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Lesthaeghe, R. and Van de Kaa, D.J. (1986). Twee demografische transities? In: Van de Kaa, D.J. and Lesthaeghe, R. (eds.). Bevolking: Groei en krimp. Deventer: Van Loghum Slaterus: 9–24.

Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Liefbroer, A.C. and Corijn, M. (1999). Who, what, where and when? Specifying the impact of educational attainment and labour force participation on family formation. European Journal of Population 15(1): 45–75.

Weblink doi:10.1023/A:1006137104191
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Luci-Greulich, A. and Thévenon, O. (2013). The impact of family policies on fertility trends in developed countries. European Journal of Population 29(4): 387–416.

Weblink doi:10.1007/s10680-013-9295-4
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Lutz, W. and K.C., S. (2011). Global human capital: Integrating education and population. Science 333(6042): 587–592.

Weblink doi:10.1126/science.1206964
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Lutz, W., Goujon, A., and Doblhammer-Reiter, G. (1998). Demographic dimensions in forecasting: Adding education to age and sex. Population and Development Review 24(1): 42–58.

Weblink doi:10.2307/2808050
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Martín-García, T. (2008). A reassessment of the role of women’s education in existing fertility research. Genus 1–2(64): 131–157.

Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Matysiak, A. and Węziak-Białowolska, D. (2016). Country-specific conditions for work and family reconciliation: An attempt at quantification. European Journal of Population 32(4): 475–510.

Weblink doi:10.1007/s10680-015-9366-9
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

McDonald, P. (2013). Societal foundations for explaining low fertility: Gender equity. Demographic Research 28(34): 981–994.

Weblink doi:10.4054/DemRes.2013.28.34
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

McDonald, P., Hosseini-Chavoshi, M., Abbasi-Shavazi, M.J., and Rashidian, A. (2015). An assessment of recent Iranian fertility trends using parity progression ratios. Demographic Research 32(58): 1581–1602.

Weblink doi:10.4054/DemRes.2015.32.58
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Merz, E.M. and Liefbroer, A. (2009). Report on analysis of ESS data on cross-national differences in perceived norms concerning fertility-related behaviour. Vienna: Vienna Institute of Demography (REPRO Deliverable 6).

Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Ministry of Education (2012). Statistic yearbook of schools and education 2010/2011. Prague: Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports of the Czech Republic.

Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Mitchell, E. (2011). Tax-benefit system and European households with children: East meeting West? Revista de Asistenţă Socială 10(3): 7–20.

Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Neels, K. and De Wachter, D. (2010). Postponement and recuperation of Belgian fertility: How are they related to rising female educational attainment? Vienna Yearbook of Population Research 8: 77–106.

Weblink doi:10.1553/populationyearbook2010s77
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Ní Bhrolcháin, M. and Beaujouan, É. (2012). Fertility postponement is largely due to rising educational enrolment. Population Studies 66(3): 311–327.

Weblink doi:10.1080/00324728.2012.697569
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Nieuwbeerta, P. and Rijken, S. (1996). Educational expansion and educational reproduction in Eastern Europe, 1940–1979. Czech Sociological Review 4(2): 187–210.

Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

OECD (2017). OECD family database [electronic resource]. OECD: Paris.

Weblink http://www.oecd.org/social/family/database
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Rákosník, J. and Šustrová, R. (2016). Rodina v zájmu státu [Family in the state interest]. Prague: Lidové noviny.

Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Requena, M. and Salazar, L. (2014). Education, marriage, and fertility: The Spanish case. Journal of Family History 29(3): 283–302.

Weblink doi:10.1177/0363199014527592
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Rindfuss, R.R., Bumpass, L., and John, C.S. (1980). Education and fertility: Implications for the roles women occupy. American Sociological Review 45(3): 431–447.

Weblink doi:10.2307/2095176
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Rindfuss, R.R., Choe, M.K., and Brauner-Otto, S.R. (2016). The emergence of two distinct fertility regimes in economically advanced countries. Population Research and Policy Review 35(3): 287–304.

Weblink doi:10.1007/s11113-016-9387-z
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Rychtaříková, J. (2004). Změny generační plodnosti v České republice se zaměřením na vzdělání žen [Changes of cohort fertility in the Czech Republic, with a focus on educational attainment of women]. Demografie 46(2): 77–90.

Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Saxonberg, S. and Szelewa, D. (2007). The continuing legacy of the communist legacy? The development of family policies in Poland and the Czech Republic. Social Politics: International Studies in Gender, State and Society 14(3): 351–379.

Weblink doi:10.1093/sp/jxm014
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Scott, H. (1974). Does socialism liberate women? Boston: Beacon.

Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Skirbekk, V. (2008). Fertility trends by social status. Demographic Research 18(5): 145–180.

Weblink doi:10.4054/DemRes.2008.18.5
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Sobotka, T. (2016). The European middle way? Low fertility, family change, and gradual policy adjustments in Austria and the Czech Republic. In: Rindfuss, R.R. and Choe, M.K. (eds.). Low fertility, institutions, and their policies. Basel: Springer International: 131–163.

Weblink doi:10.1007/978-3-319-32997-0_6
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Sobotka, T., Zeman, K., and Kantorová, V. (2003). Demographic shifts in the Czech Republic after 1989: A second demographic transition view. European Journal of Population 19(3): 249–277.

Weblink doi:10.1023/A:1024913321935
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Sobotka, T., Šťastná, A., Zeman, K., Hamplová, D., and Kantorová, V. (2008). Czech Republic: A rapid transformation of fertility and family behaviour after the collapse of state socialism. Demographic Research 19(14): 403–454.

Weblink doi:10.4054/DemRes.2008.19.14
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Testa, M.R. (2007). Childbearing preferences and family issues in Europe: Evidence from the Eurobarometer 2006 survey. Vienna Yearbook of Population Research 5: 357–379.

Weblink doi:10.1553/populationyearbook2007s357
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

United Nations (1983). Manual X: Indirect techniques for demographic estimation. New York : United Nations.

Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Van Bavel, J. (2014). The mid-twentieth century Baby Boom and the changing educational gradient in Belgian cohort fertility. Demographic Research 30(33): 925–962.

Weblink doi:10.4054/DemRes.2014.30.33
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Van de Kaa, D.J. (1987). Europe’s second demographic transition. Population Bulletin 42(1).

Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Wood, J., Neels, K., and Kil, T. (2014). The educational gradient of childlessness and cohort parity progression in 14 low fertility countries. Demographic Research 31(46): 1365–1416.

Weblink doi:10.4054/DemRes.2014.31.46
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Wynnyczuk, V. and Uzel, R. (1999). Czech Republic and Slovak Republic. In: David, H.P. and Skilogianis, J. (eds.). From abortion to contraception: A resource to public policies and reproductive behavior in Central and Eastern Europe from 1917 to the present. Westport: Greenwood: 91–120.

Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Yoo, S.H. (2014). Educational differentials in cohort fertility during the fertility transition in South Korea. Demographic Research 30(53): 1463–1494.

Weblink doi:10.4054/DemRes.2014.30.53
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Zeman, K. (2006). Úmrtnostní tabulky podle nejvyššího ukončeného vzdělání, Česká republika, 2001 [Mortality tables according to the highest attained level of education, Czech Republic, 2001]. Demografie 48(3): 207–217.

Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Zeman, K. (2015). Human Fertility Database documentation: The Czech Republic [electronic resource]. Rostock and Vienna: Human Fertility Database.

Weblink http://www.humanfertility.org/
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Zeman, K., Brzozowska, Z., Sobotka, T., Beaujouan, É., and Matysiak, A. (2017). Cohort Fertility and Education database methods protocol [electronic resource]. Vienna: Vienna Institute of Demography.

Weblink http://www.cfe-database.org
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Šircelj, M. (2007). Fertility and educational attainment in Slovenia. Anthropological Notebooks 13(2): 11–34.

Download reference in RIS | BibTeX