Volume 38 - Article 63 | Pages 2003–2026

Intergenerational care for and by children: Examining reciprocity through focus group interviews with older adults in rural Uganda

By Enid Schatz, Janet Seeley, Flavia Zalwango

Print this page  

 

References

Akintola, O. (2004). A gendered analysis of the burden of care on family and volunteer caregivers in Uganda and South Africa. Durban: University of Kwa-Zulu Natal.

Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Akintola, O. (2008). Unpaid HIV/AIDS care in southern Africa: Forms, context, and implications. Feminist Economics 14(4): 117–147.

Weblink doi:10.1080/13545700802263004
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Alber, E. (2004). Grandparents as foster-parents: Transformations in foster relations between grandparents and grandchildren in northern Benin. Africa 74(1): 28–46.

Weblink doi:10.3366/afr.2004.74.1.28
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Apt, N.A. (2012). Aging in Africa: Past experiences and strategic directions. Ageing International 37(1): 93–103.

Weblink doi:10.1007/s12126-011-9138-8
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Asiki, G., Murphy, G., Nakiyingi-Miiro, J., Seeley, J., Nsubuga, R.N., Karabarinde, A., Waswa, L., Biraro, S., Kasamba, I., Pomilla, C., Maher, D., Young, E.H., Kamali, A., and Sandhu, M.S. (2013). The general population cohort in rural south-western Uganda: A platform for communicable and non-communicable disease studies. International Journal of Epidemiology 42(1): 129–141.

Weblink doi:10.1093/ije/dys234
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Asiki, G., Reniers, G., Newton, R., Baisley, K., Nakiyingi-Miiro, J., Slaymaker, E., Kasamba, I., Seeley, J., Todd, J., Kaleebu, P., and Kamali, A (2016). Adult life expectancy trends in the era of antiretroviral treatment in rural Uganda (1991–2012). AIDS 30(3): 487–493.

Weblink doi:10.1097/QAD.0000000000000930
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Bongaarts, J. and Zimmer, Z. (2002). Living arrangements of older adults in the developing world: An analysis of demographic and health survey household surveys. The Journals of Gerontology: Series B 57(3): 145–157.

Weblink doi:10.1093/geronb/57.3.S145
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Caldwell, P. (1996). Child survival: Physical vulnerability and resilience in adversity in the European past and the contemporary Third World. Social Science and Medicine 43(5): 609–619.

Weblink doi:10.1016/0277-9536(96)00109-8
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Case, A. and Deaton, A. (1998). Large cash transfers to the elderly in South Africa. The Economic Journal 108(450): 1330–1361.

Weblink doi:10.1111/1468-0297.00345
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Cattell, M.G. (1990). Models of old age among the Samia of Kenya: Family support of the elderly. Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology 5(4): 375–394.

Weblink doi:10.1007/BF00057646
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Cheng, S.-T. and Siankam, B. (2009). The impacts of the HIV/AIDS pandemic and socioeconomic development on the living arrangements of older persons in sub-Saharan Africa: A country-level analysis. American Journal of Community Psychology 44(1–2): 136–147.

Weblink doi:10.1007/s10464-009-9243-y
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Cohen, B. and Menken, J.A. (2006). Aging in sub-Saharan Africa: Recommendations for furthering research. Washington, D.C: National Academies Press.

Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Collinson, M. (2010). Striving against adversity: The dynamics of migration, health, and poverty in rural South Africa. Global Health Action 3(1).

Weblink doi:10.3402/gha.v3i0.5080
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Duflo, E. (2003). Grandmothers and granddaughters: Old-age pension and intra-household allocation in South Africa. World Bank Economic Review 17(1): 1–25.

Weblink doi:10.1093/wber/lhg013
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Elder, G.H. (1994). Time, human agency, and social change: Perspectives on the life course. Social Psychology Quarterly 57(1): 4–15.

Weblink doi:10.2307/2786971
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Elder, G.H. and Rockwell, R.C. (1979). The life-course and human development: An ecological perspective. International Journal of Behavioral Development 2(1): 1–21.

Weblink doi:10.1177/016502547900200101
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Evans, R. (2010). Children’s caring roles and responsibilities within the family in Africa. Geography Compass 4(10): 1477–1496.

Weblink doi:10.1111/j.1749-8198.2010.00386.x
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Evans, R. (2015). HIV-related stigma, asset inheritance, and chronic poverty: Vulnerability and resilience of widows and caregiving children and youth in Tanzania and Uganda. Progress in Development Studies 15(4): 326–342.

Weblink doi:10.1177/1464993415592740
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Freeman, M. and Nkomo, N. (2006). Guardianship of orphans and vulnerable children. A survey of current and prospective South African caregivers. AIDS Care 18(4): 302–310.

Weblink doi:10.1080/09540120500359009
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Golaz, V., Wandera, S.O., and Rutaremwa, G. (2017). Understanding the vulnerability of older adults: Extent of and breaches in support systems in Uganda. Ageing and Society 37(1): 63–89.

Weblink doi:10.1017/S0144686X15001051
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Goody, E.N. (1982). Parenthood and social reproduction: Fostering and occupational roles in west Africa. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Grant, M.J. and Yeatman, S. (2012). The relationship between orphanhood and child fostering in sub-Saharan Africa, 1990s–2000s. Population Studies 66(3): 279–295.

Weblink doi:10.1080/00324728.2012.681682
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Haour-Knipe, M. (2009). Families, children, migration, and AIDS. AIDS Care 21(Supplement 1): 43–48.

Weblink doi:10.1080/09540120902923071
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Hontelez, J.A.C., Lurie, M.N., Newell, M.-L., Bakker, R., Tanser, F., Bärnighausen, T., Baltussen, R., and de Vlas, S.J. (2011). Ageing with HIV in South Africa. AIDS 25(13): 1665–1667.

Weblink doi:10.1097/QAD.0b013e32834982ea
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Hosegood, V. and Timaes, I. (2005). The impact of adult mortality on the living arrangements of older people in rural South Africa. Ageing and Society 25(6): 431–444.

Weblink doi:10.1017/S0144686X0500365X
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Isiugo-Abanihe, U.C. (1985). Child fosterage in west Africa. Population and Development Review 11(1): 53–73.

Weblink doi:10.2307/1973378
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Kabeer, N. (2000). Inter-generational contracts, demographic transitions, and the ‘quantity–quality’ tradeoff: Parents, children, and investing in the future. Journal of International Development 12(4): 463–482.

Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Kasedde, S., Doyle, A.M., Seeley, J.A., and Ross, D.A. (2014). They are not always a burden: Older people and child fostering in Uganda during the HIV epidemic. Social Science and Medicine 113: 161–168.

Weblink doi:10.1016/j.socscimed.2014
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Kautz, T., Bendavid, E., Bhattacharya, J., and Miller, G. (2010). AIDS and declining support for dependent elderly people in Africa: Retrospective analysis using demographic and health surveys. BMJ 340: c2841.

Weblink doi:10.1136/bmj.c2841
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Kuo, C. and Operario, D. (2009). Caring for AIDS-orphaned children: A systematic review of studies on caregivers. Vulnerable Children and Youth Studies 4(1): 1–12.

Weblink doi:10.1080/17450120802270418
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Lloyd, D.C.B. and Desai, S. (1992). Children’s living arrangements in developing countries. Population Research and Policy Review 11(3): 193–216.

Weblink doi:10.1007/BF00124937
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Madhavan, S. (2004). Fosterage patterns in the age of AIDS: Continuity and change. Social Science and Medicine 58(7): 1443–1454.

Weblink doi:10.1016/S0277-9536(03)00341-1
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Madhavan, S., Clark, S., Beguy, D., Kabiru, C.W., and Gross, M. (2017). Moving beyond the household: Innovations in data collection on kinship. Population Studies 71(1): 117–132.

Weblink doi:10.1080/00324728.2016.1262965
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Madhavan, S., Clark, S., Beguy, D., Kabiru, C.W., and Gross, M. (2017). Moving beyond the household: Innovations in data collection on kinship. Population Studies 71(1): 117–132.

Weblink doi:10.1080/00324728.2016.1262965
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Madhavan, S. and Gross, M. (2013). Kinwork and time use in rural South Africa. Journal of Comparative Family Studies 44(2): 175–191.

Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Madhavan, S., Schatz, E., Clark, S., and Collinson, M. (2010). Child mobility, maternal status, and household composition in rural South Africa. Paper presented at the Population Assocation of America, Dallas, USA, August 15–17, 2010.

Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Madhavan, S., Townsend, N., and Garey, A. (2008). ‘Absent breadwinners’: Father-child connections and paternal support in rural South Africa. Journal of Southern African Studies 34(3): 647–663.

Weblink doi:10.1080/03057070802259902
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Mathambo, V. and Gibbs, A. (2009). Extended family childcare arrangements in a context of AIDS: Collapse or adaptation? AIDS Care 21(Supplement 1): 22–27.

Weblink doi:10.1080/09540120902942949
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

McKinnon, B., Harper, S., and Moore, S. (2013). The relationship of living arrangements and depressive symptoms among older adults in sub-Saharan Africa. BMC Public Health 13(1): 682.

Weblink doi:10.1186/1471-2458-13-682
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Mugisha, J., Schatz, E., Seeley, J., and Kowal, P. (2015). Gender perspectives in care provision and care receipt among older people infected and affected by HIV in Uganda. African Journal of AIDS Research 14(2): 159–167.

Weblink doi:10.2989/16085906.2015.1040805
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Mutevedzi, P.C. and Newell, M.-L. (2014). The changing face of the HIV epidemic in sub-Saharan Africa. Tropical Medicine and International Health 19(9): 1015–1028.

Weblink doi:10.1111/tmi.12344
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Nahemow, N. (1979). Residence, kinship, and social isolation among the aged Baganda. Journal of Marriage and Family 41(1): 171–183.

Weblink doi:10.2307/351741
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Nyambedha, E.O., Wandibba, S., and Aagaard-Hansen, J. (2003). Changing patterns of orphan care due to the HIV epidemic in western Kenya. Social Science and Medicine 57(2): 301–311.

Weblink doi:10.1016/S0277-9536(02)00359-3
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Oppong, C. (2006). Familial roles and social transformations: Older men and women in sub-Saharan Africa. Research on Aging 28(6): 654–668.

Weblink doi:10.1177/0164027506291744
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Randall, S. and Coast, E. (2015). Poverty in African households: The limits of survey and census representations. The Journal of Development Studies 51(2): 162–177.

Weblink doi:10.1080/00220388.2014.968135
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Richter, L.M., Sherr, L., Adato, M., Belsey, M., Chandan, U., Desmond, C., Drimie, S., Haour-Knipe, M., Hosegood, V., Kimou, J., Madhavan, S., Mathambo, V., and Wakhweya, A. (2009). Strengthening families to support children affected by HIV and AIDS. AIDS Care: Psychological and Socio-medical Aspects of AIDS/HIV 21(Supplement 1): 3–12.

Weblink doi:10.1080/09540120902923121
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Roscoe, J. (1911). The Baganda: An account of their native customs and beliefs. London: Macmillan.

Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Rutakumwa, R., Zalwango, F., Richards, E., and Seeley, J. (2015). Exploring the care relationship between grandparents/older carers and children infected with HIV in South-Western Uganda: Implications for care for both the children and their older carers. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 12(2): 2120–2134.

Weblink doi:10.3390/ijerph120202120
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Schatz, E. (2007). ‘Taking care of my own blood’: Older women’s relationships to their households in rural South Africa. Scandinavian Journal of Public Health 35(Supplement 69): 147–154.

Weblink doi:10.1080/14034950701355676
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Schatz, E. and Seeley, J. (2015). Gender, ageing, and carework in east and southern Africa: A review. Global Public Health 10(10): 1185–1200.

Weblink doi:10.1080/17441692.2015.1035664
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Schatz, E., Madhavan, S., and Williams, J. (2011). Female-headed households contending with HIV/AIDS-related hardship in rural South Africa. Health and Place 17(2): 598–605.

Weblink doi:10.1016/j.healthplace.2010.12.017
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Schatz, E. and Ogunmefun, C. (2007). Caring and contributing: The role of older women in multi-generational households in the HIV/AIDS era. World Development 35(8): 1390–1403.

Weblink doi:10.1016/j.worlddev.2007.04.004
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Schatz, E., Seeley, J., Negin, J., and Mugisha, J. (2017). They ‘don’t cure old age’: Older Ugandans’ delays to health care access. Ageing and Society : 1–21.

Weblink doi:10.1017/S0144686X17000502
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Seeley, J. (2013). HIV and East Africa: Thirty years in the shadow of an epidemic. New York: Routledge.

Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Seeley, J. (2008). The intergenerational transmission of poverty during the AIDS epidemic in Uganda. Manchester: Chronic Poverty Research Centre.

Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Seeley, J., Biraro, S., Shafer, L.A., Nasirumbi, P., Foster, S., Whitworth, J., and Grosskurth, H. (2008). Using in-depth qualitative data to enhance our understanding of quantitative results regarding the impact of HIV and AIDS on households in rural Uganda. Social Science and Medicine 67(9): 1434–1446.

Weblink doi:10.1016/j.socscimed.2008.07.001
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Seeley, J., Kajura, E., Bachengana, C., Okongo, M., Wagner, U., and Mulder, D. (1993). The extended family and support for people with AIDS in a rural population in south west Uganda: A safety net with holes? AIDS Care 5(1): 117–122.

Weblink doi:10.1080/09540129308258589
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Seeley, J., Malamba, S., Nunn, A., Mulder, D.W., Kengeya-Kayondo, J., and Barton, T. (1994). Socioeconomic status, gender, and risk of HIV-1 infection in a rural community in south west Uganda. Medical Anthropology Quarterly 8(1): 78–89.

Weblink doi:10.1525/maq.1994.8.1.02a00060
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Seeley, J., Wolff, B., Kabunga, E., Tumwekwase, G., and Grosskurth, H. (2009). ‘This is where we buried our sons’: People of advanced old age coping with the impact of the AIDS epidemic in a resource-poor setting in rural Uganda. Ageing and Society 29(1): 115–134.

Weblink doi:10.1017/S0144686X08007605
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Settles, B.H., Zhao, J., Mancini, K.D., Rich, A., Pierre, S., and Oduor, A. (2009). Grandparents caring for their grandchildren: Emerging roles and exchanges in global perspectives. Journal of Comparative Family Studies 40(5): 827–848.

Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Skovdal, M. (2010). Children caring for their ‘caregivers’: Exploring the caring arrangements in households affected by AIDS in western Kenya. AIDS Care 22(1): 96–103.

Weblink doi:10.1080/09540120903016537
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Uganda Bureau of Statistics (2017). The national population and housing census 2014: Kalungu District. Kampala: Area Specific Profile Series.

Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Uganda Bureau of Statistics (2018). Uganda national household survey 2016/2017. Kampala: UBOS.

Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Velkoff, V.A., Kowal, P.R., and Bureau, United States Census (2007). Population aging in sub-Saharan Africa: Demographic dimensions 2006. Suitland: US Department of Commerce, Economics and Statistics Administration, US Census Bureau.

Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

WHO (2004). The importance of caregiver-child interactions for the survival and healthy development of young children: A review. Geneva: Department of Child and Adolescent Health and Development, World Health Organization.

Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

WHO, UNAIDS, and UNICEF (2011). Progress report 2011: Global HIV/AIDS response. Geneva: World Health Organization.

Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Whyte, S.R., Alber, E., and van der Geest, S. (2008). Generational connections and conflicts in Africa: An introduction. In: Alber, E., van der Geest, S., and Whyte, S.R. (eds.). Generations in Africa: Connections and conflicts. Münster: LIT: 1–26.

Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Williams, A. (2003). Ageing and poverty in Africa: Ugandan livelihoods in a time of HIV/AIDS. Farnham: Ashgate.

Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Wittenberg, M. and Collinson, M.A. (2007). Household transitions in rural South Africa, 1996–2003. Scandinavian Journal of Public Health 35(Supplement 69): 130–137.

Weblink doi:10.1080/14034950701355429
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Wright, S., Zalwango, F., Seeley, J., Mugisha, J., and Scholten, F. (2012). Despondency among HIV-positive older men and women in Uganda. Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology 27(4): 319–333.

Weblink doi:10.1007/s10823-012-9178-x
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Yamano, T., Shimamura, Y., and Sserunkuuma, D. (2006). Living arrangements and schooling of orphaned children and adolescents in Uganda. Economic Development and Cultural Change 54(4): 833–856.

Weblink doi:10.1086/503586
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Zalwango, F. (2016). The impact of informal social protection on older people’s health and wellbeing in Uganda. Southampton: University of Southampton.

Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Zalwango, F., Eriksson, L., Seeley, J., Nakamanya, S., Vandepitte, J., and Grosskurth, H. (2010). Parenting and money making: Sex work and women’s choices in urban Uganda. Wagadu: A Journal of Transnational Women’s and Gender Studies 8: 91–92.

Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Zimmer, Z. (2009). Household composition among elders in sub-Saharan Africa in the context of HIV/AIDS. Journal of Marriage and Family 71(4): 1086–1099.

Weblink doi:10.1111/j.1741-3737.2009.00654.x
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX

Zimmer, Z. and Dayton, J. (2005). Older adults in sub-Saharan Africa living with children and grandchildren. Population Studies 59(3): 295–312.

Weblink doi:10.1080/00324720500212255
Download reference in RIS | BibTeX