Volume 39 - Article 1 | Pages 1–32

Mixed marriages between immigrants and natives in Spain: The gendered effect of marriage market constraints

By Amparo González-Ferrer, Ognjen Obućina, Clara Cortina, Teresa Castro Martín

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Date received:29 May 2017
Date published:04 Jul 2018
Word count:7877
Keywords:event history analysis, immigrants, marriage, marriage market, natives, Spain


Background: Spain has become an important immigrant destination relatively recently. Marriages between natives and immigrants are among the most important agents of social and cultural change in contemporary Spanish society.

Objective: This study’s aim is to analyse the propensity to enter mixed-nativity marriages among both natives and immigrants in Spain, focusing on the roles played by both individual and marriage market characteristics.

Methods: The study combines data from the National Immigrant Survey (2007) and the Marriages Register (2008). Multivariate analysis is based on multinomial logistic regression, with an event history approach for immigrants and cross-sectional approach for natives.

Results: Immigrant groups, and particularly immigrant men, differ considerably in their propensity to intermarry. Education is positively associated with exogamy among immigrant men but is not an important predictor of intermarriage among immigrant women. By contrast, the marriage market structure is more important for immigrant women than men. The analysis for natives shows only limited support for the exchange hypothesis. Educational exchange can be observed in the mixed marriages of native women with some immigrant groups but is observed much less often for native men. Age difference within the couple is more frequently consistent with some sort of exchange between immigrant and native partners.

Conclusions: Our results suggest that there is not one marriage market but several for different groups and that the patterns of native/immigrant marriage in Spain are strongly gendered.

Contribution: This is the first study on intermarriage in Spain to look at both natives and immigrants.

Author's Affiliation

Amparo González-Ferrer - Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC), Spain [Email]
Ognjen Obućina - Institut National d'Études Démographiques (INED), France [Email]
Clara Cortina - Universitat Pompeu Fabra, Spain [Email]
Teresa Castro Martín - Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC), Spain [Email]

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