Volume 40 - Article 40 | Pages 1153–1166
IRS county-to-county migration data, 1990‒2010
|Date received:||24 Aug 2018|
|Date published:||07 May 2019|
|Keywords:||database, Internal Revenue Service (IRS), migration, R|
|Additional files:||demographic-research.40-40 (zip file, 3 MB)|
Background: The county-to-county migration data of the Internal Revenue Service’s (IRS) is an incredible resource for understanding migration in the United States. Produced annually since 1990 in conjunction with the US Census Bureau, the IRS migration data represents 95% to 98% of the tax-ﬁling universe and their dependents, making the IRS migration data one of the largest sources of migration data. However, any analysis using the IRS migration data must process at least seven legacy formats of this public data across more than 2000 data ﬁles – a serious burden for migration scholars.
Objective: To produce a single, ﬂat data ﬁle containing complete county-to-county IRS migration ﬂow data and to make the computer code to process the migration data freely available.
Methods: This paper uses R to process more than 2,000 IRS migration ﬁles into a single, ﬂat data ﬁle for use in migration research.
Contribution: To encourage and facilitate the use of this data, we provide a single, standardized, ﬂat data ﬁle containing county-to-county one-year migration ﬂows for the period 1990–2010 (containing 163,883 dyadic county pairs resulting in 3.2 million county-year observations totaling over 343 million migrants) and provide the full R script to download, process, and ﬂatten the IRS migration data.
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